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Ji Yu

Abstract

This chapter is part of the author’s PhD project that investigates the relationships between learning space and student learning in higher education. The project draws on theories in educational psychology and emphasises the student view and experience. Based on the empirical findings, an integrated model is developed by teasing out the key constructs and depicting the likely relationships between them. The model highlights the integration of physical space into the overall learning context and the complexity of student learning processes. It seeks to provide an insight into the dynamic interplay between learning space and student learning in higher education and contribute to our understanding of the pedagogy-space-learning nexus as a whole.

Shui-Yu Fu, Xiang Ji, Ping-Yue Sun and Hua-Song Zhang

Abstract

The incubation time of Eumeces chinensis eggs at 30±0.3°C averaged 22.6 days. During incubation, the pliable-shelled eggs of E. chinensis increased in wet mass. Dried shells from freshly laid eggs averaged 4.1% of the entire egg dry mass. No significant difference in shell dry mass was found between freshly laid and hatched eggs with the same wet mass at oviposition. During incubation, approximately 66% of dry mass, 44% of non-polar lipids and 62% of energy in egg contents of the freshly laid egg were transferred to the hatchling, with 34% of dry mass, 56% of non-polar lipids and 38% of energy used for embryogenesis. Fully developed embryos could obtain all magnesium from yolk but withdrew approximately 19% of their total calcium requirements from sources other than yolk.

Yun-Tao Yao, Yu Du, Meng-Chao Fang, Long-Hui Lin and Xiang Ji

Abstract

We have studied resting metabolic rate (RMR) of the water monitor lizard (Varanus salvator) at different developmental stages (hatchling, juvenile and adult) to test whether individuals at different ages differ in RMR when controlling for the effects of body mass. We found that: 1) resting metabolic rates of hatchlings, juveniles and adults were all positively related to their body mass with the same coefficients and that 2) developmental stage had a non-significant influence on the resting metabolic rate when controlling for the effects of body mass. Our results suggest that variation in resting metabolic rate for V. salvator is directly caused by body mass differences, which conforms to previous findings in mammal species and birds.

Li-rong Fu, Bin He, Robert Murphy, Ji-chao Wang, Yong-gang Ma, Yu-xiang Liu, Hai-tao Shi and Jonathan Fong

Abstract

A total of 168 courtship sequences from 12 male and 18 female adult captive Sacalia quadriocellata were recorded on video. Thirty male and four female discrete motor patterns were defined and described. The behavioural sequences were summarized in an intra-individual dyadic transition matrix and analyzed using chi-square and kappa analyses. Courtship behaviour models and a flow diagram were constructed for this species. The male display patterns involved tactical and visual signals to induce female receptivity to mating. In response, females may emit olfactory signals for gender recognition. Female rejection of male suitors resulted in a male success rate of 4.17%. Only seven copulations were observed. Copulation only occurred when a female became quiescent and relaxed her tail for coition.