This article addresses the relevance of politics of mobility in an analysis of the international contemporary art system. Apart from considering the mobility of all those agents who take part in this system (artists, gallery managers, curators, collectors, etc.), it chiefly focuses on the symbolic mobility of subjectivities, the displacements of imaginaries, and the transcultural negotiations emerging from the inclusion of the politics of identity and multiculturalist points of view within the global art system. The geopolitics of subjectivity, the representational systems, and the aesthetic legitimizing strategies play an important role in this research. This article focuses on transcultural conflicts caused by the internationalization of contemporary art as well as on epistemological debates raised by the affirmative use of concepts such as hybridization, periphery, marginality, and subalterity within globalizing discourses.