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In: The Caves of Qumran
In: The Dead Sea Scrolls and Contemporary Culture
In: The Jewish Revolt against Rome
In: The Archaeology of Jordan and Beyond
In: The Dead Sea Scrolls
In: Jewish Identity and Politics between the Maccabees and Bar Kokhba
Author: Jodi Magness

Abstract

With the destruction of the Temple the primary focal point of Jewish sectarianism disappeared. Notwithstanding Martin Goodman's cautionary note, Shaye Cohen's statement reflects a widely held view that the sectarian divisions that characterized the late Second Temple period disappeared soon after the Temple's destruction. This view is based mainly on the silence of rabbinic writings, which provide little indication that Essenes and Pharisees or Sadducees and Pharisees, continued to debate halakhic issues after 70. The author considers evidence for sectarian practices after 70 by first focusing on (literary) controversies relating to the ingestion of creeping and swarming creatures and the consumption of the blood of fish and locusts, and then considering possible ties between the reported controversies and the archaeological record.

In: Was 70 CE a Watershed in Jewish History?
In: A Teacher for All Generations (2 vols.)
In: Religious Diversity in Late Antiquity
In: ‘Go Out and Study the Land’ (Judges 18:2)