Graham St John and Chiara Baldini
GRAHAM S. HARDY and JOHN E. RANDALL
A small brightly spotted pufferfish, distributed from the northern Red Sea through the Gulf of Aden at least to Zanzibar, is described as Torquigener flavimaculosus n.sp. Previously recorded from the Red Sea as Amblyrhynchotes hypselogenion (not of Bleeker), it differs from that species in having a larger eye diameter, longer caudal peduncle, more dense ventral spination, and a greater number of spines on the anterior margin of the branchial opening. Osteological examination supports inclusion of the new species in Torquigener Whitley. The moderately well-developed prootic medial prongs alone distinguish it from all other Torquigener species, in which this character is less clearly (or not at all) observed.
Gordon Graham, Iain Stevenson and John Edmondson
Selected Works of J.A. Emerton
Edited by Graham Davies and Robert Patterson Gordon
Bruce Hemmer, John Graham, Paula Garb and Marlett Phillips
A new theory of how nations negotiate is described wherein peoples negotiate, not just political leaders, and the negotiations of the latter are affected by the former. We draw on theories and concepts from Track Two diplomacy, citizen peacebuilding, civic democratization, and social movements to develop an integrated theory of how peoples negotiate. That is, we demonstrate how citizen peacebuilders create the democratic, social, cultural and human capital necessary to effectively engage national level politics by first building peace and democracy at the grassroots and in local politics. Further, we describe the development of a "peacebuilding organism" involving specialized citizen peacebuilding organizations that coordinate to produce mutually reinforcing growth toward peace and democracy at all levels of society. This gives peace a deep-rooted momentum that transforms political resistance. This theory is applied to explain peace movement development in Bosnia-Herzegovina. We close by considering implications of this theory for optimizing international assistance.