Filled with the Spirit is set in this volume of Pneuma in conversation with the reviews of Blaine Charette, Jenny Everts, Amy Donaldson, Frank Macchia, Jim Shelton, and Archie Wright. Their responses raise three critical questions about the character and future study of pneumatology: (1) Will future pneumatologies adequately embrace the presence of the spirit in all people from birth to death — and not just the experience of the spirit as a charismatic endowment? (2) Will future analyses of ancient pneumatology adequately incorporate indispensable extrabiblical sources, such as those that arose in Jewish and Greco-Roman contexts? (3) Will future pneumatologies pay due attention to the exceptional symbiosis between ecstasy and comprehension that is integral to experiences of the holy spirit in the book of Acts?
Pentecostal theologian Amos Yong predicted that Filled with the Spirit, like Barth's Römerbrief, will fall 'like a bombshell on the playground of theologians' and 'explode in the field of those laboring on a theology of the spirit'. The range of reactions in this issue of Journal of Pentecostal Theology, represented by Roger Stronstad, Max Turner, and Robby Waddell, suggests that Yong's prediction is squarely on target. Levison has hit a nerve in Pentecostal pneumatology, and readers of Filled with the Spirit are dividing, like onlookers at Pentecost, into two camps: converts and critics. In this response, Levison addresses both camps by identifying the challenges and opportunities that Filled with the Spirit raises for Pentecostal and charismatic scholars, such as the need for a new definition of subsequence and the scandal of ecstasy in the New Testament. This article shows that Filled with the Spirit is iconoclastic and, as Yong suggests, explosive.