In the last decade, the eight Arctic states (Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States) have published policies and strategies for the Arctic. These national documents offer the vision of what the Arctic is to become in the next decades. They also identify challenges and propose specific solutions. These national policies and strategies offer a vision of the roadmap for (sustainable) development, environmental protection, and the development and empowerment of the Arctic inhabitants. These documents also underline in a broader sense the expected role of indigenous communities when it comes to the development of the region. This paper offers a brief analysis of these documents. The objectives of the research presented here are to identify whether the elements of human security can be found in the national plans of the eight Arctic states, and if so, to what extent.