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In: Asian Journal of Social Science


In the parts of the world where it is dominant, Islam is not seen as a peripheral, let alone dying, institution. In Indonesia, where my data is from, it is claimed that "Islam as a religion is in the ascendant." Many mosques are being built, religious radio programs have a large audience, and Islam is penetrating public schools and government (Awanohara, 1985). The power and popularity of the Muslim faith is ' difficult for Westerners to understand because of the intellectual dominance of the modernization-secularization thesis. According to this perspective, as countries become more modern, religion becomes less important. This simplistic view is, of course, being challenged even in the West, yet for most of this century it was the dominant framework for the scientific study of religion in the modern world. The popularity of Islam is not only fascinating in its own right, but also a challenge to the seculari- zation thesis. Is this perspective to be discarded? What ideas must enlarge, or replace, this orientation to explain the reality of Islam? These questions are the focus of this paper.

In: Asian Journal of Social Science
In: American Sociology of Religion
In: North American Buddhists in Social Context
In: Confucianism and Spiritual Traditions in Modern China and Beyond
Confucianism is reviving in China and spreading in America. The past and present interactions between the revived Confucianism and Daoism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity will likely shape the cultural and political developments in Chinese societies of mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, etc., and will have global implications in the globalizing world. In addition to the philosophical and theological articulations of Confucianism and other spiritual traditions, this volume includes empirical studies of and analytical reflections on the spiritual traditions in Chinese societies by historians, sociologists, and anthropologists. It is a collection of articles by the best minds in China and the West, and the top experts in multiple disciplines. Collectively, the volume provides an assessment of the present situation and points to the possibilities of future development of Confucianism and other spiritual traditions in modern China and beyond.
In: Local and Global: Social Transformation in Southeast Asia
This collection of original, new studies about Mainland China and Taiwan focuses on religious changes, and especially the role of the state and market in affecting religious developments in these societies. Information was gathered by participant observation and interviews primarily, and the analysis of documents secondarily. The topics covered are: the growing interest in the study of religion, the methods used by Christians to be able to coexist with a communist government, revival techniques being used by Buddhist monks, the strategies of Daoist priests and sect leaders to attract followers, the significance of mass-circulating morality books, and the ongoing debate about the significance and nature of Confucianism. The book will interest social scientists, religious specialists, journalists, and others who want to understand the changing nature of Chinese societies, and those interested in religious change in modernizing societies.
In: Confucianism and Spiritual Traditions in Modern China and Beyond
In: Confucianism and Spiritual Traditions in Modern China and Beyond