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The aim of this chapter is to search for common institutional traits that improve the efficiency of healthcare systems in developed countries. The study joins the broad discussion on the topic of limiting costs and accelerating effects of healthcare systems. An extensive review of the literature and statistical sources is used to create the institutional framework for healthcare systems in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden, Singapore, and Poland – developed countries selected for differences in socio-economic conditions of health care as well as diverse models of capitalism. Based on the characteristics specified during research, a comparative analysis of institutional traits was performed. This allowed the identification of similarities that improve the efficiency of healthcare systems in developed countries (as measured by the provision of satisfactory services at acceptable levels of cost). The institutional traits and patient navigation within the healthcare systems of Singapore and Sweden appear to be most effective in increasing system efficiency. Other selected features from the remaining countries were also brought up. Wide implementation of the presented institutional traits may help reduce the burden of health care costs while maintaining high quality services.

Open Access
In: Economics and Mathematical Modeling in Health-Related Research