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War Crimes Against Women

Prosecution in International War Crimes Tribunals

Kelly Dawn Askin

This book examines laws and customs of war prohibiting rape crimes dating back thousands of years, even though gender-specific crimes, particularly sex crimes, have been prevalent in wartime for centuries. It surveys the historical treatment of women in wartime, and argues that all the various forms of gender-specific crimes must be prosecuted and punished. It reviews the Nuremberg and Tokyo War Crimes Tribunals from a gendered perspective, and discusses how crimes against women could have been prosecuted in these tribunals and suggests explanations as to why they were neglected. It addresses the status of women in domestic and international law during the past one hundred years, including the years preceding World War II and in the aftermath of this war, and in the years immediately preceding the Yugoslav conflict. The evolution of the status and participation of women in international human rights and international humanitarian law is analyzed, including the impact domestic law and practice has had on international law and practice. Finally, this book reviews gender-specific crimes in the Yugoslav conflict, and presents arguments as to how various gender-specific crimes (including rape, forced prostitution, forced impregnation, forced maternity, forced sterilization, genocidal rape, and sexual mutilation) can be, and why they must be, prosecuted under Articles 2-5 of the Yugoslav Statute (i.e., as grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions, torture, violations of the laws of war, violations of the customs of war, genocide, and crimes against humanity).
The author, a human rights attorney, academic, and activist, spent three years researching both the treatment of women during periods of armed conflict and humanitarian laws protecting women from war crimes.
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Kelly Dawn Askin and Dorean Koenig

For in-depth coverage of gender issues in human rights law, from theory and cultural practices to legal instruments and the case law of international tribunals, this major three-volume work is without peer. More than 100 leading authorities in the field offer trenchant analyses of problems and solutions, crimes and abuses, available recourses, areas of empowerment — the entire spectrum of women’s rights, discussed at a level of detail and legal awareness unavailable in any other single source.

Set of 3 Volumes.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.