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Author: Kevin Jaques
This book looks at Ṭabaqāt al-fuqahāʾ al-shāfiʿīyah by Ibn Qāḍī Shuhbah (d. 851/1448) and how its author attempted to portray the development of the Shāfiʿī school of law up to his own times.
The volume examines the impact of crises on the formation of the ṭabaqāt genre. It demonstrates how ṭabaqāt, dedicated to explicating religious authority, were used by authors to sort-out challenges to intellectual orthodoxies. It also examines in detail the Ṭabaqāt directly, demonstrating Ibn Qāḍī Shuhbah’s depiction of the development of Shāfiʿī law, the formation of intellectual sub-schools within the madhhab, the causes of legal decline, and curatives for the decline that are to be found in the great Shāfiʿī Ikhtilāf (divergent opinion) texts: the ʿAzīz sharḥ al-wajīz by al-Rāfiʿī and the Rawḍāt al-ṭālibīn by al-Nawawī.
Author: R. Kevin Jaques

Abstract

This article examines the biographical traditions that developed around al-Rabī b. Sulaymān al-Jīzī (d. 256/872) who, by the Mamlūk period, was widely viewed as a disciple of Muhammad b. Idrīs al-Shāfi'ī (d. 204/820). Against this view, I demonstrate that scholars working in the 4th/10th century depicted al-Jīzī as a follower of the Mālikī movement in Egypt. These scholars also suggested that some traditions transmitted by al-Rabī' b. Sulaymān al-Murādī (d. 270/884) were mistakenly attributed to al-Jīzī. By the 5th/11th century, new legal ideas had surfaced that conflicted with those said to have been transmitted by al-Murādī from al-Shāfi'ī. In order to save al-Murādī's reputation as the faithful and trustworthy transmitter of al-Shāfi'ī's final legal views, al-Jīzī was reinvented as a companion of al-Shāfi'ī so that legal ideas that conflicted with those found in the Kitāb al-umm could be attributed to him instead of al-Murādī.

In: Islamic Law and Society