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  • Author or Editor: Kire Sharlamanov x
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Abstract

Poverty remains one of the most serious social issues, especially when it afflicts a significant portion of the population over an extended period of time. It has serious consequences both for people living in poverty and for the community where those individuals live. Hence, every society seeks to reduce the number of people that live in poverty through its social policy and the established system of social security. This chapter aims to show the poverty rate in the Republic of North Macedonia, its structure and amplitudes over time, the reasons that cause it, and the measures taken to reduce it. To achieve this objective, secondary analysis of data was carried out, in particular analysis of data obtained from the government agencies that coordinate poverty reduction programs and social policy institutions in the Republic of North Macedonia. The research results indicate that the poverty rate in the Republic of North Macedonia over a long period of time has increased compared to most countries in the region. Although poverty has been reduced over the last few years, it remains at a high level compared to other countries.

In: Social Security in the Balkans – Volume 2

Abstract

Unemployment is one of the most serious social issues, especially when it has structural characteristics. This chapter presents the evolution of unemployment in the Republic of North Macedonia, the reasons for the manifested amplitudes over time, and the attempts to reduce it and bring it under control through measures taken on the labor market. The research is conducted based on secondary sources of information: analysis of data obtained from the official state institutions in charge of recording unemployment and addressing this significant social challenge, as well as analysis of the most significant publications of academic scholars. The results of the research show that unemployment has been the most serious social problem in the Republic of North Macedonia for a long time. Since the country gained independence there have been constant but insufficient attempts to overcome this problem and the state institutions are far from resolving this problem satisfactorily. However, there has been a significant reduction of the unemployment rate in modern Macedonian society compared to the early 1990s.

In: Social Security in the Balkans – Volume 2