Editor: Kirsi Tirri
Nowadays, schools face the challenge of creating pedagogical environments that are sensitive to numerous individual backgrounds in order to support students’social and academic success. Urban schools are communities with rich possibilities to learn how to think, feel and act morally. In this task, principals, teachers, parents and students of the schools each have their own voice. All these voices have to be heard in order to build communities with moral sensibilities. This book brings together recent work by international researchers from nine countries in the fields of moral development and citizenship education. The book consists of twelve chapters and it is divided into three parts. While the first part deals with the voices of urban school educators, the second part contains chapters with the focus on students. The third part is about curriculum, programs and practices in schools that contribute to the education of moral sensibilities in the school communities. This book can be used as a textbook in moral and citizenship education or as an updated research report on international research on moral sensibilities.
In: Educating Moral Sensibilities in Urban Schools
In: Educating Moral Sensibilities in Urban Schools
In: Giftedness and Talent in the 21st Century
Author: Kirsi Tirri

This chapter explores the core of school pedagogy both theoretically and empirically. The main concepts in research into teaching are introduced with some discussion on their traditional background. The differences in the terminology used in German and Anglo-American literature is acknowledged and their influence on Finnish research on teaching is discussed. Educational purposefulness is identified as an important motivational factor behind the teaching-studying-learning process. Empirical data from Finnish teachers and student teachers are presented as examples of their views on the educational purposefulness of their teaching. In the secondary school context teachers need skills to teach their subject matter in ways that would open up its educational meaning. Finnish teachers’ views on the educational purposefulness of their teaching are divided into two categories: general purposes in teaching and subject matter specific purposes in teaching.

In: Miracle of Education
In this book, we introduce several sensitivity measures in educational contexts that can be used in research, education and self-evaluations. In Chapter 1 we discuss the framework of Howard Gardner‘s Multiple Intelligences theory and introduce our Multiple Intelligences Profiling Questionnaire. We present the psychometrical qualities of the instrument with empirical data sets of children, youth and adults. In Chapter 2 the Spiritual Sensitivity Scale is introduced with the theoretical framework it is connected to. The existence of spiritual intelligence has been a widely debated issue and not everybody is ready to call advanced thinking in religious or spiritual domains as intelligence. This has guided us to use the term sensitivity, which is easier to justify than intelligence in these areas of human behavior. In Chapter 3 we introduce the Environmental Sensitivity Scale, which is quite close to the possible intelligence of naturalist suggested by Gardner. In Chapter 4, Ethical Sensitivity Scale is introduced followed by Emotional Leadership Questionnaire in Chapter 5. All these scales have a solid theoretical framework and earlier empirical work to support the instrument building. Chapter 6 introduces Intercultural and Interreligious Sensitivity Scales with their theoretical frameworks and earlier empirical work. Following each chapter, we have included a ready-to-use version of the questionnaire and SPSS syntax to compute factors. A commentary by Dr. Seana Moran compliments the book and challenges the readers to further reflect the meaning of education in supporting holistic development of learners in their life-long journey. We have authored this book to contribute to this goal and hope it will be used in the hands of researchers, teachers and students in their mutual effort to grow and to learn new things in life.
In this volume, we take a holistic approach to education, viewing human beings as lifelong learners who need interaction in all educational domains—cognitive, affective, psychomotor—to actualize their full potential. The chapters are based on presentations given at the 2012 conference of the Finnish Educational Research Association (FERA), whose theme was Interaction in Educational Research.
Prof. David Clarke, from the University of Melbourne in Australia and the conference’s keynote speaker, opens our symposium with a discussion of international comparative research in educational interaction by constructing and concealing differences. The chapters that follow, arranged in three parts, deal with interaction in cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains.
In Part I, theoretical and philosophical approaches to interaction are examined through ontological, epistemological, and semiotic perspectives.
Part II presents a series of empirical studies on educational interaction. Together, these show regional differences in cognitive and psychomotor learning outcomes, the importance of academic emotions in learning, cultural aspects in understanding the visual arts, and interactive learning for gifted science students.
Part III introduces three programs that promote educational interaction: one enhances teacher education with interdisciplinary integration; another explores the benefits of Finnish-Russian cooperation; and a third uses musical concerts as an interactive tool for special education.
All of the chapters contribute to the current research and discussion on learning and interaction. In this field inquiries need to be carried out in different learning domains and in various cultural contexts. In particular, cross-cultural comparisons are useful in validating the findings of empirical studies and testing the culture-dependent and culture-invariant dimensions of educational interaction.
In: Interaction in Educational Domains
In: Interaction in Educational Domains