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  • Author or Editor: Kristine Dalaker Kraabel x
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Abstract

The United Nations General Assembly established the Preparatory Committee (PrepCom), prior to convening an intergovernmental conference, for the purpose of recommending substantive elements for the development of an international legally binding instrument (ILBI) under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction. Discussions at the PrepCom included possible institutional arrangements that could govern the new legal regime. Three approaches to the institutional arrangements were proposed at the PrepCom: the global and regional and/or sectoral approaches, together with the newly-proposed hybrid approach. The overall aim of this chapter is to examine the context and emergence of the hybrid approach, together with its implications for the ILBI, given the institutional structure and criteria the delegations proposed for the institutional arrangements.

In: The Marine Environment and United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 14
Balancing Rights and Interests of Arctic States and User States
Governance of Arctic Shipping: Balancing Rights and Interests of Arctic States and User States examines potential cooperative mechanisms for balancing rights and interests of Arctic States and user States in light of experiences with Southeast Asian cooperative mechanisms. This volume analyzes the applicable international regulatory framework with special attention to the roles of the International Maritime Organization and the Arctic Council. The rights, interests, positions and practice of Arctic coastal States are compared with those of user States, with particular emphasis on China, Japan and South Korea. The final chapters analyze cooperative arrangements in Southeast Asia, in order to explore if these could act as models to enhance cooperation among coastal States and user States in the Arctic.
In: Governance of Arctic Shipping
In: Governance of Arctic Shipping
In: Governance of Arctic Shipping