The present text presents George Santayana's philosophy of education as seen from the perspective of its possible impact on acting against barbarism and fanaticism in contemporary contexts. The main assumption of this perspective states that education should not be limited to a formal school education, but constitute a life project that uses liberal arts and philosophy as central pieces, and in which 'moral progress' should be seen as a more profound understanding of life in its various modes and its fuller satisfaction. As such, it would limit, if not exclude, the manifestations of fanaticism and barbarity around, since the former provides us with shortsighted, tragic actions and the latter articulates a shallow worldview and perspective, both being deprived of a long-term outlook with more significance. Santayana's educational project assumes that a better and happier society can be had by having wiser and happier individuals, although its controversial point may be its elitism and aristocratism that predominantly comes from the Greek sources in Santayana's thought. The author of this text thinks that Santayana's philosophy can be instrumental in today's reflections on education in the world, in which frustration and negative feelings are so commonly met in the members of the public despite the highest access rates to education ever known, and as if knowledge-oriented education had lost its classical sense in making a good life its focal point.