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Author: Laura Baranzini

Abstract

In this paper we present a survey which was built and conducted with the aim of testing the evidential hypothesis concerning the Italian imperfect tense proposed in Baranzini & Ricci (2015). Our work is based on the assumption of the existence of a macro-category including different uses of the imperfect (oneiric, ludic, fictional account,… uses), which can all be described as « account of an account » uses : our hypothesis is that, in certain aspectually and textually specific contexts, the possibility offered within the Italian language to use the imperfect as an alternative to perfective tenses for a narration is an evidential indication of non-spontaneous, narrative double mediation. On the basis of real occurrences, we made up symmetric text items featuring both morphological variants (imperfetto vs passato prossimo) for the types of account considered. Although the results of our survey are preliminary and do not yet allow for definitive conclusions, they support our initial evidential hypothesis, which will need further in-depth investigation.

In: Cross-Linguistic Perspectives on the Semantics of Grammatical Aspect
Volume Editors: Laura Baranzini and Louis de Saussure
If there’s a domain in linguistics which complexity calls for ever further research, it’s clearly that of tense, aspect, modality and evidentiality, often referred to as ‘TAME’. The reason for which these domains of investigation have been connected so tightly as to deserve a common label is that their actual intertwining is so dense that one can hardly measure their effects purely individually, without regard to the other notions of the spectrum. On the other hand, despite their imbrications, tense, aspect, modality and evidentiality remain – needless to say – separate theoretical entities. The papers gathered in this volume cover a range of issues and a variety of methods that help delineate, each in its way, new perspectives on this broad domain.
Volume Editors: Laura Baranzini and Louis de Saussure
Si le temps occupe une place aussi centrale dans la discussion linguistique, et depuis si longtemps, c’est parce que ce sujet – avec ses sujets-frères que sont l’aspect, la modalité et l’évidentialité – est non seulement riche et complexe mais aussi profondément enraciné dans la langue, se manifestant à tous ses niveaux et dans une quantité importante de contextes de réflexion.
Les articles recueillis dans ce volume se présentent à premier abord comme des études spécifiques sur des phénomènes précis, mais il s’avère rapidement que, de par sa nature, le sujet ‘temps’ ne peut pas être abordé de manière « isolée », puisqu'il parcourt la langue comme un système étendu, sans qu’on puisse en dessiner les limites avec clarté.

The reason why tense has occupied such a central place in linguistic discussion, and has done so for so long, is that this topic - along with its related topics aspect, modality and evidentiality - is not only rich and complex but also deeply rooted in language, manifesting itself at all its levels and in a significant number of contexts. The contributions collected in this volume appear at first sight as specific studies of specific phenomena, but it soon becomes clear that, by its very nature, the subject of 'time' cannot be approached in 'isolation', since it runs through the language as a pervasive system, without its boundaries being clearly defined.
In: Recherches actuelles sur le temps et l’aspect
In: Aspects of Tenses, Modality, and Evidentiality