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Author: Leo Douw

Abstract

The Taiwan huaqiao are the migrants from mainland China who went to work in Taiwan during the Japanese colonial period (1895-1945). They were mostly workers, who were ethnically akin to the local population, but had an official status as foreign migrants and were supposed to return to their country of origin. In fact many among them tended to settle permanently and as a result of the discrimination also tended to form a social underclass; their number grew to at least 60,000 in the 1930s. This article argues that they should be studied more systematically as part of Chinese foreign migration.

In: Journal of Chinese Overseas
Author: Leo Douw

From their beginning in the seventeenth century, the migrations across the Strait of Taiwan took place between societies of the same ethnicity. This did not change by the cession of Taiwan to the Japanese Empire in 1895, but despite this, distinct migrant identities then emerged on both sides of the Strait. The new migrant regime in mainland China by Japan’s domineering position purposely privileged the Taiwanese who went there, and facilitated the activity of Taiwanese criminal gangs; this got them a bad name at the time, which persists in the existing, nationalist historiography. In Taiwan the new regime was exploitative and set the migrant workers from mainland China apart as foreigners; in doing so it created another migrant identity that is problematic for historians. This article contests this nationalist historiography, and shows, that for migrants to achieve a distinct identity, they need not be ethnically different from their host society.

In: Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives
In: Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives
In: Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives
Author: Leo Douw

摘要

本專輯的各篇文章皆曽在二零一三年六月二十四至二十七號在澳門舉行的International Convention of Asian Scholars 第八屆年度大會上我所組織的工作坊「越界的社會:一八九五至一九四五年代之間日本殖民體制下的東亞華裔」內發表。我希望本專輯各篇文章及其觀點能夠提供對東亞區域歷史新的了解,從而消解當前區域內部的潛在衝突。下一步的工作,則是去探討究竟在本專輯文章裡所呈現的多重認同、切割和片斷的國家制度,以及游移的政治效忠,對於全球貿易和投資有何影響?這個主題為新的全球史的核心議題,但它們同時也破壞了社會整合和國家權威。這正是《海外華人研究》在本專輯所收錄的各篇文章希望能夠貢獻的觀點。發展東亞區域史的研究可以涵括各個國家對種種重要議題的不同觀點,但同時又能匯整其中各個國家共同關心的議題:各種商品、人口、資金和觀念如何在跨國界的範圍裡流動,從而篏入各個地方社會這些跨國界流動翻轉了民族與民族之間的關係,並提升了東亞區域在現代世界的地位。本專輯各篇有關華人跨區域的商業網絡和移民的研究正展現了這個新史觀的潛力。

In: Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives

This issue is devoted to the predicament of the Chinese population in Korea since its presence there from the 1880s onwards, and the consequences this had for the migrations from South Korea towards China, Taiwan and the us since the 1990s. A broader framework for the difficulties met by the Chinese in Korea is provided by a summary of a workshop held in Amsterdam, on 25-26 June 2015, entitled Japan, China and the Construction of History. This multi-disciplinary workshop intended to construct an alternative to the threat of national chauvinism in the East Asian region, and also to the neo-realist and neo-liberal approaches, which dominate among the International Relations schools in political science. The contestations between Japan and China during the long twentieth century left a deep imprint on their mobile populations; this makes the case of the Chinese population in Korea a telling example of the imprint left on mobile people by big power politics. (This article is in English.)

In: Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives
Editors: Leo Douw and Kwok-bun Chan
This book features China’s newly emergent transnational management culture. It uses established and new methodologies to analyze how different types of Sino-foreign joint enterprises manage cultural differences between various layers of managers and employees, while negotiating strategies that contain conflicts, uncertainties and frustrations.
Much of the book focuses on the relations among personnel and management within Sino-foreign businesses. It highlights how new elements have been introduced in the daily practices of management at the work floor and in the managerial offices, specifically in relation to improving human resource development and resolving conflicts. The book also examines how these transnational firms function in the broader context of Chinese society and politics.
In providing freshly researched cases and methodological studies by experienced researchers in the field, the book suggests alternative pathways toward innovative business management in China, thus making it attractive to academics and business managers alike.