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Series:

Lin Ma and Xinzheng Li

Abstract

A new species, Typhlamphiascus tuerkayi sp. nov. (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Miraciiidae), is described from specimens collected in the South China Sea. This new species differs from its congeners by the combined characters of the number of chitinous lamellae on the male P1, the apomorphic setal formulae of the swimming legs, and the setal number on P5. The new species is most similar to T. ovale Wells & Rao, 1987 and T. higginsi Chullasorn, 2009. It differs from the latter two species by the following features: the caudal ramus about three times as long as broad, P2 exp-3 with three outer spines, P3 enp-3 with two inner setae, P5 basoendopod in the female with four setae, P5 exopod in the female about three times as long as its greatest width, antennule of male 9-segmented, the inner edge of the basis in male P1 with eight chitinous lamellae, P5 exopod in male with four setae.

No Access

Lin Ma and Xinzheng Li

A new species, Typhlamphiascus tuerkayi sp. nov. (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Miraciiidae), is described from specimens collected in the South China Sea. This new species differs from its congeners by the combined characters of the number of chitinous lamellae on the male P1, the apomorphic setal formulae of the swimming legs, and the setal number on P5. The new species is most similar to T. ovale Wells & Rao, 1987 and T. higginsi Chullasorn, 2009. It differs from the latter two species by the following features: the caudal ramus about three times as long as broad, P2 exp-3 with three outer spines, P3 enp-3 with two inner setae, P5 basoendopod in the female with four setae, P5 exopod in the female about three times as long as its greatest width, antennule of male 9-segmented, the inner edge of the basis in male P1 with eight chitinous lamellae, P5 exopod in male with four setae.

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Xiaobai Ma, Changqi Wu and Lin Zhang

In this paper we investigate the mechanisms underlying dynamic linkages between inward FDI and outward internationalization in the Chinese automotive industry. While several studies have examined the relationship between inward and outward FDI using empirical data, this is among the first to employ a case study approach to investigate how international joint ventures (IJVs) established between foreign and Chinese automakers can shape their internationalization motivation, degree, and speed. We discuss some unique features of Chinese carmakers with and without IJVs to elucidate how firms without IJVs will be more driven to expand internationally while firms with IJVs face constraints in venturing abroad.

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Lin Chenglin, Ma Xuehai and Cheng Sanguo

Abstract

This paper bases its argument on a 'Three Worlds' theory of e-book development. The theory believes that in terms of developmental paths, it is important to understand the worlds of ebook 1.0(e-format of paper book), 2.0(digital-only) and 3.0(enhanced ebook), in which 1.0 represents very much the transformation of traditional print book publishing. That one follows another, a trend as shown and proven in the US and some other markets, is seemingly obvious and inevitable. However, China has a unique situation, in which ebook 2.0 is the first to develop and 1.0 yet to take off. It may also be the case that ebook 3.0 comes ahead of 1.0. There is certainly much to do for Chinese traditional publishing in the development of ebook 1.0, or one may see a completely reversed order or pace of development.

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Wen Bo Liao, Zhi Ping Mi, Cai Quan Zhou, Ling Jin, Xian Han, Shang Lin Lou and Jin Ma

Abstract

Comparative studies of the relative testes size in animals show that promiscuous species have relatively larger testes than monogamous species. Sperm competition favours the evolution of larger ejaculates in many animals – they give bigger testes. In the view, we presented data on relative testis mass for 17 Chinese species including 3 polyandrous species. We analyzed relative testis mass within the Chinese data set and combining those data with published data sets on Japanese and African frogs. We found that polyandrous foam nesting species have relatively large testes, suggesting that sperm competition was an important factor affecting the evolution of relative testes size. For 4 polyandrous species testes mass is positively correlated with intensity (males/mating) but not with risk (frequency of polyandrous matings) of sperm competition.