To test the claimed universal model of Five-Factor Personality structure, we used teacher ratings of 493 10- to 12-year-old Chinese school children on an adjective rating scale developed by Digman and Inouye (1986). Factor analysis of the teacher ratings strongly replicated four of the "big five" personality factors that have been observed in a variety of other cultures. The fifth factor, emotional stability, was also evident, as was a sixth factor tentatively named ego strength. Overall, inquiring intellect was more important among Chinese than among American school children.
The taxonomy of Babina sensu lato was controversial in the past decades. In this study, the phylogeny of genus Babina sensu lato was re-constructed based on genetic analysis, morphological comparison and advertisement call analysis. We found that Babina sensu stricto and previous subgenus Nidirana should be two distinct genera in the family Ranidae. N. caldwelli is confirmed to be a synonym of N. adenopleura because of the small genetic divergence and the lack of distinct morphological differences. A new species, Nidirana nankunensis sp. nov. is described based on a series of specimens collected from Mt. Nankun, Guangdong Province, China, which can be distinguished from other known congeners by having a behavior of nest construction, distinctive advertisement calls, significant divergence in the mitochondrial genes, and a combination of morphological characters. Currently, the genus Babina contains two species and the genus Nidirana contains eight species.