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  • Author or Editor: Luís Miguel Carolino x
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This paper focuses on an apparent paradox. In the early decades of the eighteenth century, Jesuit professors of mathematics at the College of Santo Antão in Lisbon delivered entire courses of astrology while astrological almanacs testified to the fact that astrology had ceased to appeal to large sectors of Portuguese society. This case thus challenges the traditional perception that early modern scholars increasingly dissociated themselves from astrology whereas it still continued to play a major role in common people’s lives and beliefs. Furthermore, this also contradicts the view according to which the Counter-Reformation played a crucial role in the marginalization of astrology. This paper argues that Portuguese Jesuits followed a flexible interpretation of Thomas Aquinas regarding the extent of celestial influence and perceived astrology as compatible with Aristotelianism. It understands the downfall of astrology within the context of political centralization that characterized the reign of Pedro II.


In: Early Science and Medicine

Abstract

<title> SUMMARY </title>This paper aims to study the philosophical thought of the Portuguese astronomer and millenarian Manuel Bocarro Frances (alias Jacob Rosales), taking him as an exemplary case of the 'scienziato', which was taking shape in seventeenth-century Europe. Of Portuguese crypto-Jewish origin, Bocarro-Rosales travelled around Europe, cultivating scientific relationships with celebrated philosophers, physicians, and mathematicians, writing on cosmology, but he was to become better known as a prophetic author. The paper argues that, far from being independent and self-sufficient outlooks, these are complementary aspects, which one has to take into account in order to have a global understanding of Bocarro-Rosales's thought. Just as other men of science of his time, Bocarro-Rosales turned his prophetic aspirations to a way of understanding nature, history, and divine intervention, intimately related to the late-Renaissance philosophical debate. Closely attached to Renaissance philosophical eclecticism, his scientific and messianic thought was influenced by the late-Renaissance revival of philosophical doctrines as Neo-Platonism and Stoicism.

In: Nuncius