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Discussions on Islam in Western Europe tend to take State structures and systems of interest intermediation for granted. A significant number of studies look at polities beyond usual research contexts, such as Germany, France or the United Kingdom, as irrelevant or structuralist in their approach. However, States are complex structures and systems of interest intermediation, particularly in countries with long traditions of societal corporatism, such as Portugal and Ireland, are problem-spaces that need inquiry in order to become more than background features to the study of Islam. In this chapter, I seek to introduce a number of concepts, derived from various schools of thought that have theorized the State and systems of interest intermediation, to test their ability to shed new light on the subject of Islam in two small peripheral Western European countries with similar religious landscapes.

In: Muslims at the Margins of Europe