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In: The Religious Worldviews Reflected in the Dead Sea Scrolls
In: Sapiential Perspectives: Wisdom Literature in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls
In: Reworking the Bible: Apocryphal and Related Texts at Qumran
In: Flores Florentino
In: The New Testament and Rabbinic Literature
In: Dead Sea Discoveries
Author: Menahem Kister


The thesis of this article is that a Jewish theological formula or an interpretation of biblical passages which, in one period, successfully served one side of a polemic, became, in a later period and in another context, a springboard for an adversary's attack, or an insidious internal theological problem. The author attempts to illuminate the inner dynamics of Judaism as a monotheistic religion, and to observe the potential of inherent theological tensions in Judaism of the Second Temple period and rabbinic Judaism for the emergence of Christian and Gnostic theological concepts and interpretations which were in conflict with the Jewish ones.

In: Journal for the Study of Judaism