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The problem of divine knowledge, focusing on questions of freedom and necessity, finds itself at the intersection of age-old discussions of logic, metaphysics, and ethics. The subject was discussed with particular clarity in the period 1250-1400. Many different solutions were put forward and criticized with an acuity and depth that was never reached again.
One contributor to the discussion, Marsilius of Inghen (d. 1396), is of special importance. He assimilated not only the nominalism and theological developments of the 14th century, but also the ideas of Thomas Aquinas and Bonaventure, resulting in the so-called via marsiliana. This study determines with great precision Marsilius's position in the debates in the period 1250-1400, often throwing new light on aspects of his philosophy and theology.
The wide scope of his work makes it suitable as a general introduction to medieval thought. Specialists will find it useful for its detailed and in-depth analysis of both maiores and minores. By its clear style and structure, this study will prove useful in contemporary systematic discussions of the subject as well.
The history of universities has long been an object of scholarly research. Nonetheless, the proposed questions and themes have too often been handled in isolation. The present collection, divided into three thematic sections, attempts to connect subjects which are bound together in the context of the idea of the university and the course of its historical realization.
The first section concentrates on the rational process which characterized the development of the university. Section two is devoted to the relationship between the organizational forms of the university and the literary forms of university texts. Section three concerns itself with the differentiation and institutionalization of schools of thought in the later Middle Ages.
The volume contains fourteen studies resulting from new and original research and concludes with an extensive bibliography.
Latin and Vernacular Traditions of the Consolatio Philosophiae
Editors: Maarten Hoenen and Nauta
Boethius' Consolatio Philosophiae is one of those exceptional works that circulated widely throughout such diverse medieval cultures as the schools and universities, the court, and religious houses. It spawned a rich tradition of Latin commentaries and was a major force in shaping vernacular literary traditions, including the works of Jean de Meun, Dante, and Chaucer.
The changing perceptions of the Consolatio are the subject of this collection of new essays. The first section is devoted to the Latin commentary tradition (William of Conches, Nicholas Trevet, and Pierre d'Ailly). The other sections explore the vernacular traditions (Italian, French, German, English, and Dutch).
The book underlines the interactions between the Latin and the vernacular and between literary and scholastic contexts, and the focus throughout is on the intellectual and institutional background of the works discussed.
In: Conflict and Reconciliation
Deutsche philosophische Kultur des Mittelalters
The German philosophical culture of the Middle Ages is inextricably linked to the thought of Albert the Great. The writings of Albert set a definitive stamp on the mysticism of Eckhart and Tauler as well as on the intellectual traditions of the studia of the Dominican order and the German universities of the later Middle Ages. During this process Albert's thinking was not simply adopted, but was further developed and was frequently given a quite new form by the various fields of intellectual life.
This volume brings together 14 original papers, which deal with Albert's influence from the points of view of mysticism, literature, philosophy, theology and the history of universities. The contributors of the volume are: A. de Libera, W. Haug, C. Vasoli, E. Weber, O. Pluta, K. Flasch, G. Steer, R. Blumrich, R. van den Brandt, Chr. Asmuth, Z. Kaluza, R. Imbach, M. Hoenen, H. Schüppert and R. Pagnoni-Sturlese.
Marsilius von Inghen und das Denken seiner Zeit
Marsilius of Inghen († 1396) is one of the most intriguing thinkers of the late middle ages. He combines in his writings different intellectual traditions such as Nominalism and Thomism, which he shaped into what came to be known after his death as the via marsiliana. His works on logic and his commentaries on Aristotle were widely used as textbooks at the late medieval universities and his commentary on the Sentences played a significant role in 16th century Spanish scholasticism. This volume explores the thinking of Marsilius from different perspectives. Part 1 examines the background of his philosophy and theology. Part 2 discusses his writings. And Part 3 is devoted to the impact of his thought. The book contains original essays by specialists on the subject, some of which are accompanied by partly editions from the manuscripts of hitherto unpublished works.
In: Marsilius of Inghen, Quaestiones super quattuor libros Sententiarum, Volume 3, Super primum, quaestiones 22-37
In: Marsilius of Inghen, Quaestiones super quattuor libros Sententiarum, Volume 3, Super primum, quaestiones 22-37
In: Marsilius of Inghen, Quaestiones super quattuor libros Sententiarum, Volume 3, Super primum, quaestiones 22-37