Camus’s treatment of the great German Idealist, W.G.F. Hegel in L’Homme révolté has received much attention and criticism. As in the cases of Rousseau or Kierkegaard, Camus is lambasted by critics as a thinker who failed to fully understand Hegelian thought, instead dismissing it on basis of a superficial reading. What emerges in Maciej Kaluza’s chapter (chapter 10) is a much more complex picture of the relations between The Phenomenology of Spirit and The Rebel than many commentators have supposed. Kałuża’s analysis reaches out not only to Hegel himself, but also to his famous commentators in French thought, showing their indirect influence on Camusian conclusions. Much of what Camus criticized in Hegel, Kałuża shows, should be more accurately directed against Alexander Kojève and his famous, highly influential interpretation of Hegel’s master-slave dialectic from the Phenomenology of Spirit. Additionally, given our knowledge of Camus’s studies of Jean Hyppolite’s commentaries – especially focused on the issue of unhappy consciousness – Kaluza argues that Camus’s view of Hegelianism could have been much more balanced and dialogical than it remained.
This book is the first English-language collection of essays by leading Camus scholars from around the world to focus on Albert Camus’ place and status as a philosopher amongst philosophers. After a thematic introduction, the dedicated chapters of Part 1 address Camus’ relations with leading philosophers, from the ancient Greeks to Jean-Paul Sartre (Augustine, Hume, Kant, Diderot, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Husserl, Hegel, Marx, Sartre). Part 2 contains pieces considering philosophical themes in Camus’ works, from the absurd in
The Myth of Sisyphus to love in
The First Man (the absurd, psychoanalysis, justice, Algeria, solidarity and solitude, revolution and revolt, art, asceticism, love).