Author: Maghan Keita

Abstract

In 1978 in the city of Alma Ata of the former Soviet Union, the World Health Organization declared its intention to provide "health for all by the year 2000." In the third world, this was to be achieved through the integration of "traditional and modern medicine." In the case of Senegal, the prescription was ahistorical. It did not take into account several centuries of integration in all areas, including health care. The central argument here is that four centuries of activity have made integration an historical fact for the peoples of Senegambia. The results of that integration are manifested in the inadequacies of the current health care system which evolved through the contestations of various political economic polities for control of the Senegambian region.

In: Journal of Asian and African Studies
Editor: Maghan Keita
Africa is a legitimizing factor in the world: some might argue because of the weakness of its position in the world; others might say because of the realization on the part of some African leaders that there are strengths inherent to their states' positions that can be tapped. Africa’s place in the world is being re-thought and re-shaped. And that is exactly what this book is about: the authors invite and incite the reader to a much closer and nuanced reading of Africa and its history, and the way in which that history, over time and space allows for a re-conceptualization of Africa’s role and place in the world.
The authors evoke W.E.B. Du Bois on the invention of identity in the modern world. In that light, these works remind us, as Du Bois would, that the current invention of Africa is indeed a modern one; an identity configured in numerous ways, with and without our interventions. Contributions by Lamont de Haven King (State and Ethnicity in Nigeria), Jesse Benjamin (Nubians and Nabateans), Jeremy Prestholdt (Portuguese on the Swahili Coast), Thomas Ricks (Slaves in Shi’i Iran, AD 1500-1900) Launay Robert (Late-Seventeenth Century Narratives of Travel to Asia) and Richard J. Payne and Cassandra Veney (Taiwan and Africa)