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  • Author or Editor: Mai Nguyen x
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In the context of more frequent occurrence of illegal activities at sea and increasing depletion of marine natural resources, the need for close cooperation between law enforcement forces is more imminent to foster an effective approach to these issues. In Vietnam, there is a multiplicity of law enforcement forces specializing in different aspects at sea. This article will describe the activities of these forces, including the organizational structure, functions and jurisdictions, as well as their law enforcement practices. Next, this article will describe the experience of these forces in international cooperation to address transnational maritime challenges. Finally, some assessments and proposals for future development will be made on the activities of Vietnam law enforcement forces.

Full Access
In: The Korean Journal of International and Comparative Law


This article introduces the reader to past, current, and future trends in science teacher preparation and professional development in Vietnam. The authors rely on document analysis for data collection and focused analysis to describe the general education system and the mechanisms for teacher training in Vietnam from the past to the present. Research questions focused on exploring changes in the organization of the education system over time, identifying advances that have been made, and describing what challenges teacher education faces today. In addition, this paper offers a special focus on how Vietnamese pedagogy institutions are working to prepare new teachers. Finally, the authors describe how Vietnam is preparing to implement a new national general education program that will strongly affect all aspects of education, including training and retraining of teachers. The authors conclude by raising some important questions for future research and development.

Open Access
In: Asia-Pacific Science Education


The dataset Sustainability performance of certified and non-certified food ( contains 25 indicators of economic, environmental, and social performance, estimated for 27 certified food value chains and their 27 conventional reference products. The indicators are estimated at different levels of the value chain: farm level, processing level, and retail level. It also contains the raw data based on which the indicators are estimated, its source, and the completed spreadsheet calculators for the following indicators: carbon footprint and food miles. This article describes the common method and indicators used to collect data for the twenty-seven certified products and their conventional counterparts. It presents the assumptions and choices, the process of data collection, and the indicator estimation methods designed to assess the three sustainability dimensions within a reasonable time constraint. That is: three person-months for each food quality scheme and its non-certified reference product. Several prioritisations were set regarding data collection (indicator, variable, value chain level) together with a level of representativeness specific to each variable and product type (country and sector). Technical details on how relatively common variables (e.g., number of animals per hectare) are combined into indicators (e.g., carbon footprint) are provided in the full documentation of the dataset.

Open Access
In: Research Data Journal for the Humanities and Social Sciences