The chapter focuses on the executive practices, legislative actions, policies, and judicial decisions regarding religious discrimination against Muslims. The first part explains the historical background of migration and the settlement of Muslims in Slovenian territory and their demographic structure. This is followed by an overview of the structure of the legislative, executive and judicial government in Slovenia; state-religion relations before and after Slovenia’s independence in 1991; and finally, the status of Islam. Methodologically, the chapter is primarily based on an analysis and critical interpretation of primary and secondary sources, among them, a study of annual reports of the Human Rights Ombudsman and a study of court decisions dealing with discrimination against Muslims. The second part of the chapter deals with the analysis of discrimination against Muslims, starting with a chronological examination of the main international and European documents relating to discrimination and ratified by Slovenia, followed by the presentation of Slovenian legislation and state institutions from the aforementioned areas. The authors conclude that the implementation of an otherwise exemplary formal legislative framework in Slovenia is proving to be problematic in different areas of integration, as well as in the field of discrimination, particularly in terms of so-called “soft” discrimination.