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an Avestan-Pahlavi glossary so named after its first entry, Av. oīm glossed by Pahl. ēwag, though the work is introduced with the lengthy title: “On the understanding of the speech and words of the Avesta, namely, what and how its zand is.”

in Encyclopaedia Iranica Online

“Wind, Atmosphere, Space,” name of a deity and the natural phenomenon.

in Encyclopaedia Iranica Online

the Pahlavi name for the soul of the Sole-created Bull.

in Encyclopaedia Iranica Online

“the soul of the Cow,” the name of the archetypal Bovine, whose plight is a subject of Zoroaster’s gāΘā, often identified as “the Cow’s Lament.”

in Encyclopaedia Iranica Online

(the fashioner of the Cow), a divine craftsman who figures prominently in the Gathas of Zoroaster but falls into obscurity in the Younger Avesta, being there associated with the fourteenth day of the month, known in Middle Persian simply as Gōš.

in Encyclopaedia Iranica Online

name of a lengthy Avestan text divided into 24 chapters; the name derives from Av. vīspe ratawō meaning “all the ratus.”

in Encyclopaedia Iranica Online

or ēwagdād; the name of the primordial Bovine in Zoroastrian mythology.

in Encyclopaedia Iranica Online

the title of the ninth Yašt of the Avesta, also known as Drwāsp Yašt, after the goddess Druuāspā (see DRVĀSPĀ) to whom, in fact, it is dedicated.

in Encyclopaedia Iranica Online

an official at the court of Vīštāspa and an early convert of Zarathushtra, who, in the tradition became widely known for his wisdom.

in Encyclopaedia Iranica Online

name given to a section of the Avestan Yasna, namely, Y. 9-11.11. It is central to the ritual and is recited prior to the priestly consumption of the parahaoma (Pahl. parāhōm).

in Encyclopaedia Iranica Online