Malte Hagener and Yvonne Zimmermann
The Swedish artist Viking Eggeling (1880–1925) is a curious case in avant-garde studies. Even though his filmic oeuvre is small and he is overshadowed in retrospect by protagonists such as Hans Richter and Walter Ruttmann, he nevertheless has a firm place in cinema history. In this essay we evaluate Eggeling’s contribution to European avant-garde cinema and look more closely at his legacy in avant-garde film culture during his lifetime and especially after his untimely death. The central question is how a film-maker with such a minuscule oeuvre could become in retrospect one of the central film-makers of the non-figurative avant-garde in the 1920s. In what way, and for what reasons, did Eggeling become part of the canon of avant-garde film and film history, which has been practically unchanged since the late 1940s?
Edgar Onea and Malte Zimmermann
Recently, questions have become a very prominent topic at the semantics-pragmatics interface. A wide range of papers on the semantics and pragmatics of natural language as well as discourse structure have been published that – in some way or another – use or presuppose important assumptions about questions. With this background, this paper provides a comprehensive overview of the recent literature concerning the semantics and pragmatics of questions. In particular, the paper provides a short introduction to the formal semantic analysis of questions and it gives an overview and critical evaluation of the main topics of current research on questions at the semantics-pragmatics interface. The central purpose of this overview is to make it easier for readers to access current research on the semantics and pragmatics of question, information structure and discourse structure, projection and at-issueness as well as the semantics and pragmatics of discourse particles, and to situate these within the current state-of-the-art in question research. We expect this overview to be of particular use to scholars new to the field, but because of its wide coverage of empirical phenomena and analytical tools, the overview should provide useful for experts in the field as well.