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This article analyses the progressive anti-Catholicism of liberal and democratic forces that was responsible for the outbreak of the culture wars in the nineteenth century. Liberals and democrats connected anti-Catholicism with projects of bourgeois and secular modernity. They wanted to spread bourgeois values such as the belief in freedom, progress and rationality, the separation of public and private spheres, a heterosexual matrix and modern work ethics compatible with industrial capitalism. Moreover, they aimed to secularise modern societies: to privatise religion; to differentiate religion from other spheres of such as politics, science and arts; or to substitute faith with knowledge. I will position this progressive anti-Catholicism within the European context of the culture wars. I will first define these transnational conflicts and the crucial role played by Catholicism, then compare the anti-Catholicism within the culture wars of different confessional and national contexts – Germany and Italy – and finally explore cross-border aspects such as anti-clerical media transfers and scandals, Orientalist constructions of a Catholic ‘Other’, and the appropriation of these anti-Catholic theories of secularisation by social scientists after the culture wars.1

In: European Anti-Catholicism in a Comparative and Transnational Perspective
Author:

Abstract

This article analyses the progressive anti-Catholicism of liberal and democratic forces that was responsible for the outbreak of the culture wars in the nineteenth century. Liberals and democrats connected anti-Catholicism with projects of bourgeois and secular modernity. They wanted to spread bourgeois values such as the belief in freedom, progress and rationality, the separation of public and private spheres, a heterosexual matrix and modern work ethics compatible with industrial capitalism. Moreover, they aimed to secularise modern societies: to privatise religion; to differentiate religion from other spheres of such as politics, science and arts; or to substitute faith with knowledge. I will position this progressive anti-Catholicism within the European context of the culture wars. I will first define these transnational conflicts and the crucial role played by Catholicism, then compare the anti-Catholicism within the culture wars of different confessional and national contexts – Germany and Italy – and finally explore cross-border aspects such as anti-clerical media transfers and scandals, Orientalist constructions of a Catholic ‘Other’, and the appropriation of these anti-Catholic theories of secularisation by social scientists after the culture wars.1

In: European Anti-Catholicism in a Comparative and Transnational Perspective
In: Handbuch der Mediterranistik
Das Mittelmeer eint und trennt zugleich - Menschen, Kontinente, Religionen, Kulturen, politische Systeme und Wirtschaftsräume. Die Reihe Mittelmeerstudien bietet eine Plattform, um Deutungen des Mittelmeerraums und dessen gegenwärtige Entwicklungen zu untersuchen sowie die Geschichte dieser Großregion von der Antike bis in die Gegenwart zu analysieren.
Das Themenspektrum reicht von Migrations- und Siedlungsprozessen über das Wirken sozialer Netzwerke bis hin zur Konstruktion mediterraner Imaginationen und zu den Bedingungsfaktoren und Ausprägungen politischer Herrschaft. Die vom »Zentrum für Mittelmeerstudien« an der Ruhr-Universität Bochum herausgegebene Reihe trägt damit den Besonderheiten eines Raumes Rechnung, der auch ein großes Potenzial für die Regionalforschung bereithält.

Diese Reihe ist ein Gemeinschaftsprojekt der Verlage Wilhelm Fink und Ferdinand Schöningh.

Ab Band 19 erscheint die Reihe nur noch bei Schöningh.
Systematische Mittelmeerforschung und disziplinäre Zugänge
Während in anderen Ländern ein systematischer Zugang zum Mittelmeer als Region institutionell und in der Wissenschaftstradition schon lange ausgebildet war, fehlte dies bislang im deutschsprachigen Raum. Das »Handbuch der Mediterranistik« leistet einen Beitrag zur Etablierung des Forschungsgebiets, indem unterschiedliche Disziplinen ihren jeweiligen Zugang zur systematischen Erschließung des Raumes vorstellen.