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Marie Ruiz

The introduction locates Victorian migrations in global migration history and accounts for the specificity of international migrations in the Victorian era. It offers a discussion on migration trends, including assisted migration schemes, and proposes to unveil the diversity of Victorian migrants’ backgrounds. A discussion of national identity introduces the transnational approach at the core of this volume. The historiographical focus reveals the diversity of approaches to Victorian migrations, which used to focus on imperial matters before taking into account the migrants. Focussing on connections and circulations, this volume’s transnational framing highlights the spatial and ideological exchanges between Britain and the world, beyond material and geographical frontiers.

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Marie Ruiz

The conclusion comes back to the great variety of case studies and approaches present in this volume. It proposes a discussion on writing transnational history of Victorian migrations, as well as questions such as whiteness and labour migrations. It shows how combining micro- and macro-history, as well as a great variety of sources, and different levels of analysis can both unveil and question the exceptionality of Victorian migrations. This conclusion ends with a discussion challenging the construction of Victorian migrations as migration “crises.”

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Edited by Marie Ruiz

On account of its remarkable reach as well as its variety of schemes and features, migration in the Victorian era is a paramount chapter of the history of worldwide migrations and diasporas. Indeed, Victorian Britain was both a land of emigration and immigration. International Migrations in the Victorian Era covers a wide range of case studies to unveil the complexity of transnational circulations and connections in the 19th century. Combining micro- and macro-studies, this volume looks into the history of the British Empire, 19th century international migration networks, as well as the causes and consequences of Victorian migrations and how technological, social, political, and cultural transformations, mainly initiated by the Industrial Revolution, considerably impacted on people’s movements. It presents a history of migration grounded on people, structural forces and migration processes that bound societies together. Rather than focussing on distinct territorial units, International Migrations in the Victorian Era balances different scales of analysis: individual, local, regional, national and transnational.

Contributors are: Rebecca Bates, Sally Brooke Cameron, Milosz K. Cybowski, Nicole Davis, Anne-Catherine De Bouvier, Claire Deligny, Elizabeth Dillenburg, Nicolas Garnier, Trevor Harris, Kathrin Levitan, Véronique Molinari, Ipshita Nath, Jude Piesse, Daniel Renshaw, Eric Richards, Sue Silberberg, Ben Szreter, Géraldine Vaughan, Briony Wickes, Rhiannon Heledd Williams.