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Wörterbuch zu den Schriften Gregors von Nyssa – Nomina Propria / Dictionary of the Works of Gregory of Nyssa – Nomina Propria
The tenth volume of the Lexicon Gregorianum presents a complete inventory of the nomina propria, i.e. the names of persons or places, that occur in the writings of Gregory of Nyssa. The reader is provided with source material concerning Gregory’s theological interpretation of biblical names, the significance he attributes to non-biblical names, and his opinions concerning persons both in history and contemporary to himself. Extensive explanations and paraphrases of the lemmata and important text references provide easy access to and orientation within the articles. Each entry includes an English translation of the German texts.

Der zehnte Band des Lexicon Gregorianum präsentiert den Gesamtbestand an Nomina Propria, d.h. an Personen- und Ortsnamen, in den Schriften Gregors von Nyssa. Er gewährt Einsicht in die theologische Interpretation der biblischen Namen durch Gregor und in die Bedeutung, die er nichtbiblischen Namen beimisst, sowie Aufschlüsse über Gregors Beurteilung der Personen der Geschichte und der Zeitgeschichte. Umfangreiche Erklärungen und Paraphrasen zu den Lemmata und zu wichtigen Belegstellen erleichtern den Zugang zum Artikel und die Orientierung. Zudem ist für alle Einträge eine englische Übersetzung beigefügt.

A mysterious parthenogenetic cambarid crayfish (the Marmorkrebs) has been spreading across the globe for the past decade. We compare this crayfish directly to two other cambarids, Procambarus fallax and P. alleni, that have been suggested to be related or even identical to the Marmorkrebs. Using external morphology and sequences of two mitochondrial genes we show clear correspondences between Marmorkrebs and P. fallax, a species found natively throughout peninsular Florida, USA. Based on these congruent results we suggest that the Marmorkrebs is the parthenogenetic form of P. fallax. This finding has potential evolutionary and ecological implications at several levels. The Marmorkrebs might be a type of geographical parthenogenesis, but a natural population in the wild is so far unknown. Furthermore, challenges arise in regard to the respective species status of the Marmorkrebs. Taxonomically we suggest that the Marmorkrebs is treated as ‘parthenogenetic form’ of P. fallax. Last but not least, the identity of this animal and its ecology has an impact for considering potential spread and effects of this species across the globe.

Open Access
In: Contributions to Zoology