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Author: Martin Goodman
Judaism in the Roman World deals with the religious lives of Jews in the Roman world from late Second Temple times to the Later Roman Empire.
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The studies collected here analyse a series of issues important in the development of Judaism in this period: the role of the Temple and pilgrimage in the first century CE; the attitude of Jews to the physical texts of the Torah and to the scribes who produced them; the extent of variety and change within Judaism before and after 70 CE and the nature of the evidence for particular types of Judaism; the role of synagogues and images in Jewish worship; and relations between Jews and Christians in the early centuries.
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This book should be particularly useful to students of ancient Judaism and those interested in Christian origins.
In: Zutot
In: Sects and Sectarianism in Jewish History
In: Jewish Education from Antiquity to the Middle Ages
In: Jewish and Christian Communal Identities in the Roman World
In: The Dead Sea Scrolls
In: Abraham, the Nations, and the Hagarites
Author: Martin Goodman

Abstract

That the year 70 marked a turning point in the history of Roman attitudes to Jews, in the Jewish leadership of Judea, and in the economy of Jerusalem and its environs, is not in doubt. Harder to pin down is the most obvious change to be expected as a result of the destruction of the Temple - that is, a change within Judaism. Only one major source of evidence for Jewish reactions to 70 remains for discussion, but it should be emphasized how remarkable it is that the writings of Josephus can be placed and dated with a degree of precision during the years 70 to 100. It is true that in Josephus's earlier works the focus of his attention was on the history of Jews before 70, but he made frequent reference in passing to his own day and his own views.

In: Was 70 CE a Watershed in Jewish History?
In: Abraham, the Nations, and the Hagarites