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1. The word ‘psychoanalysis’ was first used in 1896, by the founder of the science, Viennese neurologist Sigmund → Freud. His new procedures constituted methods of treatment for neurotic illnesses, whose cause Freud sought to ground in the history of the psychological development of the individual and of civilization. The psychodynamic associations that Freud then discovered, partly through clinical observation, partly through introspection during his self-analysis of 1895–1902, and partly by speculation, finally crystallized in a scientific doctrinal edifice that rests on four basic pillars. These pillars, constituting the unconditional presupposition and minimal definition of psychoanalysis, were “the adoption of unconscious mental occurrences, the recognition of the doctrine of resistance and repression, and the assessment of sexuality and the Oedipus complex.” Freud 1940–1952/68; 1987, 13:223.

in The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online

1. The West knows no figure, transmitted from Greek antiquity, more important, and susceptible of being read in religious history as a prism, than Oedipus. In him, an era's respective religious and nonreligious images of the human being fail. Sophocles's tragedy “Oedipus Rex,” as presented in a framework of the annual dramatic contest in honor of Dionysus, in Athens about 430 BCE, portrays Oedipus's self-revelation. The special urgency with which this piece of dramatic work was presented, has given repeated occasion to new interpretation. The more Oedipus seeks to elude his destiny as a patricide and as his mother's husband—the destiny predicted by the Delphic oracle—the more certainly it is fulfilled. And this scenario has raised questions about divine providence, freedom of will and choice, arrogance, guilt, responsibility, fate, the interconnection of events, the tragic, and their ultimately religious interpretation. In the mirror of the myth of Oedipus, every age finds its own responses to these questions. The enigmatic puzzle of the Sophoclean tragedy, borne by numerous double meanings and reversals, has made its material a source of inexhaustible interpretability. And this has lent it that ‘malleability’ (J.-P. Vernant) and enduring currency that still comes to expression today in so many literary, dramatic, musical, and filmic re-elaborations.

in The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online
Friedrich Nietzsches Lichtenberg-Rezeption im Spannungsfeld zwischen Sprachkritik (Rhetorik) und historischer Kritik (Genealogie)
Series:  Figuren, Volume: 3
In: Ästhetik und Politik der Zerstreuung
In: Schreiben
In: Anfangen zu schreiben
In: Philosophie in der Medientheorie