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New discoveries, in order to become scientifically recognized facts, depend on the discourse of the scientific community. Explorers abroad thus depend on the scholars "left behind" who check and compare their reports by means of books, journals, and correspondence, attempting to establish a context. For the Great Nordic Expedition (1733-1743) this process of reception was hampered by the restrictive Russian information policy. This study shows the different ways a botanist and a geographer not participating in the Great Nordic Expedition perused the information released, their methods of interpretation, and the scientific gains obtained.

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In: Gesnerus
In: Scholars in Action (2 vols)
In: Scholars in Action (2 vols)
In: Scholars in Action (2 vols)
The Practice of Knowledge and the Figure of the Savant in the 18th Century
Scholars in Action addresses the complexities of the culture of knowledge, focusing on the scholar, or savant, as its main actor. The book explores how, and to what end, savants in the 18th Century collated, produced, critiqued, propagated, diffused, and applied knowledge.
Investigating scholars’ diverse practices of knowledge, the volume’s six sections are organised around central scholarly activities: rising and advancing, reading and judging, perceiving and reacting, printing and communicating, observing and experimenting, as well as advising and serving.
Based on a wide range of sources and looking at a great variety of savants, an international group of 40 authors open up new perspectives on eighteenth-century scholars and scholarship.

Contributors include Kirill Abrosimov, Gunhild Berg, Thomas Biskup, Holger Böning, Simona Boscani-Leoni, Barbara Braun-Bucher, Laurence Brockliss, Florence Catherine, Lorraine Daston, Simone De Angelis, Bettina Dietz, Clorinda Donato, Claudia Engler, Iris Flessenkaemper, Daniel Fulda, Marian Füssel, Martin Gierl, Rainer Godel, Karl S. Guthke, Thomas Habel, Caspar Hirschi, László Kontler, Urs Leu, Annette Meyer, Marion Mücke, Miriam Nicoli, Andreas Önnerfors, Hole Rössler, Anne Saada, Torsten Sander, Hartmut Schleiff, Ulrich Johannes Schneider, Reinhart Siegert, René Sigrist, Justin Stagl, Regula Wyss, and Simone Zurbuchen.
In: Scholars in Action (2 vols)