In different ways the Book of Watchers, the Animal Apocalypse, Jubilees, and the Book of Giants present the insatiable appetite of the giants as the key for understanding their crimes, which include murder, anthropophagy and the consumption of blood. Blood plays a major role in the retribution by the angels against them. The appetite of the giants affects their recompense in that their bodies, not their spirits, are destroyed. In this form they can no longer eat; but, this essay suggests, their overwhelming hunger remains. The ancient Near Eastern background of depicting violence and death with language of eating is also explored. The theme of appetite is critical for understanding the giants and their crimes on earth.
Ben Sira and the Demotic wisdom text Papyrus Insinger have numerous similarities. This is evident in terms of their practical instruction on topics such as shame, generosity, and moderation. They also have affinities regarding more speculative concerns, including theodicy and the nature of the cosmos. These affinities can often be attributed to the fact that each work draws on the native wisdom traditions of its own country, and there are broad similarities between the traditional wisdom of Israel and Egypt. Some of the points of contact between Ben Sira and Papyrus Insinger also reflect intellectual trends of the Hellenistic age.