Xenotriphleba dentistylata gen. et sp. n. is described from specimens of both sexes collected in Germany and Switzerland. The new genus resembles Triphleba in non-genitalic characters, but the male genitalia differ from Triphleba Rondani and the majority of phorid genera in possessing two freely articulated surstyli which are not fused to the epandrium. This remarkable character state represents a plesiomorphic ground-plan feature of the Phoridae which has been lost in all genera except Burmophora Beyer and Beyermyia Disney. The phylogenetic significance of selected character states is evaluated and the systematic affinities of the new genus are discussed. Xenotriphleba dentistylata cannot be classified properly in the phylogenetic system of Phoridae proposed by Brown (1992) as the character states observed in this genus are in contradiction to the hypothesized constitutive features of all recognized subfamilies. Until further progress in the classification of Phoridae has been made, X. dentistylata must be regarded as a primitive representative of a basal lineage of this family.
The Ninth Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (COP9) in May 2008 in Bonn was one of the major international environmental meetings in 2008. Its decisions significantly advance global biodiversity politics on a range of critical issues and thereby help achieving the global target of substantially reducing current rates of biodiversity loss by 2010. This article describes the main decision adopted by COP9 on biofuels, marine biodiversity, biodiversity and climate change, access and benefit-sharing and the science-policy interface of international biodiversity politics.
The species of Hypocera are reviewed and their identities more completely defined. H. flavipennis (Enderlein) is synonymized with H. rectangulata Malloch (syn. n.). New characters are given to aid recognition of males of the closely similar Nearctic Region species H. americana Borgmeier and H. ehrmanni Aldrich. Life history observations and first larval descriptions are given for H. mordellaria (Fallén), which is a scavenger on dead insects. A phylogenetic analysis and a key to species are provided.