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Études d'histoire du droit

2. Histoire du droit des Pays-Bas, de la Belgique et de l'Allemagne

Meijers

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Meijers

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Meijers

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Meijers

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Droit coutumier de la ville de Metz au Moyen âge

2. Aperçu systématique du droit civil de Metz

Meijers

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Ascetic Hasidism in Jerusalem

The Guardian-of-the-Faithful Community of Mea Shearim

Meijers

Although much has been written about the philosophy of Hasidism, the same cannot be said of the daily practice of Hasidic life. In this respect the present study forms an exception as it is an ethnographic account of a Hasidic group in Mea Shearim, Jerusalem. Many topics are dealt with, such as religious and political attitudes, family life, community organisations, social stratification, view of the world, relations with the outside world and religious leadership. A central theme is the ascetic lifestyle of the Hasidim. A short introductory chapter is devoted to the anthropology of religion in which the meaning of the Hasidic concept of religion is explained.
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Meijers

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Meijers

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Meijer

Amazing as it may be, to this day few commentaries on the treatises of Plotinus' Enneads are written. The classic ninth treatise (VI,9 in Porphyrius' order), for example, has hardly been studied. This treatise, however, is of vital importance, because it is in this work that for the first time in the Enneads, the One in its superform emerges and Plotinus dwells on the remarkable phenomenon of a 'mystical union' of the soul with the One. A thorough analysis of the argument and its development next to philosophical and philo-logical support will be welcome to any reader of this in-triguing but difficult treatise. These aims are pursued in the main part of Meijer's work, the commentary. The first part of the book, preceding the commentary, examines the philosophical history of the concept of the One and its status in the first eight treatises. This new approach to the problem of the One leads to striking conclusions. It appears that while Plotinus was writing these first eight treatises, the concept of the One developed from that of a Supreme Entity of a Mesoplatonian character, viz. the upper part of the mind, to One of a Superone above mind. This casts an entirely new light on the position of the One in Plotinus and that of the ninth treatise itself. The third part not only examines the mystical union as pictured in the ninth treatise, but also provides a full scale discussion of Plotinus' descriptions of this union in his en-tire work. The degree of unification, viz. the question whether a part of the mystic self remains intact during the unification, is a matter of vigorous scholarly debate. Meijer shows that, in spite of some inconsistencies in his doctrine about the union, one must accept that Plotinus basically considered the union as a complete absorption of the soul into the Supreme Entity.
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Murder and adultery in Late Imperial China

A study of law and morality

Meijer

In this publication the development is traced of two sections of the chapter on "Homicide" of the penal code of the Qing dynasty (1644-1912), Murder and Homicide of an Adulterer. The former deals with premeditated homicide where there is no difference in status, social or family relations between murderer and victim, while in the latter we find the husband who kills his wife and her paramour when caught in the act. In that case, the husband was immune from prosecution, provided that he commited the act at the time and at the site.
The first section developed in a clear and intelligent way, with in general some logical provisions being added from the beginning till the end of the dynasty. The second section, however, was enriched by 34 additional articles through legislation and judicial practice, which with a view to promoting moral purity in society, gradually circumvented the original restrictions to the husband's fury.
Consequently, by accentuating the husband's important status and for the sake of maintaining the established hierarchy in society, that section changed into a bad and cruel part of the law, turning the husband's behaviour from an excusable exception into morally justified conduct, and likewise the woman's misbehaviour into a mortal sin. This has all been confirmed by the motivation of the legislation and sentences of the cases.