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In: Guardians of Faith in Modern Times: ʿUlamaʾ in the Middle East
In: Guardians of Faith in Modern Times: ʿUlamaʾ in the Middle East
In: Guardians of Faith in Modern Times: ʿUlamaʾ in the Middle East
In: Guardians of Faith in Modern Times: ʿUlamaʾ in the Middle East
In: Guardians of Faith in Modern Times: ʿUlamaʾ in the Middle East
In: Guardians of Faith in Modern Times: ʿUlamaʾ in the Middle East
Author: Meir Hatina

Abstract

Many studies have been devoted to the features of global jihad (also known as Salafi jihadism), its historical development, its difference from other Salafi groups, or its struggles with ideological rivals. Little emphasis, however, has been given to global jihadists’ ideological genealogy, and hence to locating them in a comparative perspective. How did they commemorate their formative heroes, such as the medieval jurist Ibn Taymiyya and mid-twentieth century ideologues, such as Sayyid Qutb, Abu al-Aʿla al-Mawdudi, ʿAbd al-Salam Faraj, Shukri Mustafaʾ, Marwan Hadid or Saʿid Hawwa? Were these figures still perceived as cultural heroes, or were they shunned? Did their writings continue to provide sources of inspiration, or were they replaced by new manifestos? An in-depth discussion of these questions, based on a textual analysis of jihadi sources, may shed further light on global jihadists’ ideological evolution and self-perceptions. It will provide an additional prism for analyzing modern Sunni militancy, and scrutinize the extent its protagonists’ treatises match past traditions or, alternatively, deviate from them in favor of cultivated traditions, thus advancing a dissident agenda.

In: Middle East Law and Governance
In: Die Welt des Islams
Editor: Meir Hatina
This collective volume provides an integrative historical and contemporary discussion of Sunni ʿulamaʾ in the Middle East in both an urban and a semi-tribal context. The various chapters reinforce a renewed interest in the position of the ʿulamaʾ in modern times and offer new insights as to their ideological vitality and contribution to the public discourse on moral and sociopolitical issues.