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Author: Melike Baş


This chapter aims at investigating the semantic extensions of the body part term ‘eye’ (göz) in Turkish discourse within the cognitive semantic framework. It is widely accepted that perception words are a rich source for polysemous meaning across languages through metaphoric and metonymic extensions. The eye is the organ of visual perception which is the primary sense extendable to other domains of experience in many languages. The data of the study was retrieved from Turkish National Corpus (TNCv3.0). The keyword {göz} was searched in the corpus and the concordance lines were examined in terms of the semantic extensions of the keyword in its collocations. Results demonstrate that the conventional meaning of the eye as on organ of sight has many metaphoric and metonymic extensions that can be grouped and examined under the categories of functions, objects, person/personal traits, mental faculties (e.g. attention, memory, judgment), emotion, time and cultural values. The study uncovers the polysemous nature of Turkish ‘eye’ and justifies mind-as-body metaphor as a prolific metaphor in conceptualizing the world.

In: Embodiment in Cross-Linguistic Studies
In: Embodiment in Cross-Linguistic Studies
Volume Editors: Melike Baş and Iwona Kraska-Szlenk
The volume explores the body part ‘eye’ as a source domain in conceptualization and a vehicle of embodied cognition. It includes in-depth case studies of languages situated in different cultural contexts in Europe, Asia, Africa, America, and Oceania. It also provides insights into cross-linguistic comparison of conceptualization patterns and semantic extension of the term ‘eye’ on various target domains. The contributions in the volume present a range of cultural models associated with the visual organ which take into account socio-cultural factors and language usage practices. The book offers new material and novel analyses within the subject of polysemy of body part terms. It also adds to studies on metaphor, metonymy and cultural conceptualizations within a cognitive linguistic paradigm.