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In recent years, creative systems capable of producing new and innovative solutions in fields such as quantum physics, fine arts, robotics or defense and security have emerged. These systems, called machine invention systems, have the potential to revolutionize the current standard invention process. Because of their potential, there are widespread implications to consider, on a societal and organizational level alike: changes in the workforce structure, intellectual property rights and ethical concerns regarding such autonomous systems. On the organizational side, integration of such machine systems in the largely human-driven innovation process requires careful consideration. Delegation of decisions to human agents, technology assessments, and concepts like the complementarity approach that is used to strengthen the interplay between human and machine in innovation processes seem to be a few of the solutions needed to address the changes incurred by such machine invention systems. Future work in this field will address the integration of machine-based invention from a different perspective as well, focusing on establishing necessary characteristics needed in order to be more easily accepted by human users and customers.

In: Artificial Intelligence
Reflections in Philosophy, Theology, and the Social Sciences
This book discusses major issues of the current AI debate from the perspectives of philosophy, theology, and the social sciences: Can AI have a consciousness? Is superintelligence possible and probable? How does AI change individual and social life? Can there be artificial persons? What influence does AI have on religious worldviews? In Western societies, we are surrounded by artificially intelligent systems. Most of these systems are embedded in online platforms. But embodiments of AI, be it by voice or by actual physical embodiment, give artificially intelligent systems another dimension in terms of their impact on how we perceive these systems, how they shape our communication with them and with fellow humans and how we live and work together. AI in any form gives a new twist to the big questions that humanity has concerned herself with for centuries: What is consciousness? How should we treat each other - what is right and what is wrong? How do our creations change the world we are living in? Which challenges do we have to face in the future?