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A Study Based on his Commentary on Jeremiah
Author: Michael Graves
St Jerome (ca. 347-419), translator and prolific commentator on the Old Testament, left a lasting and controversial mark on the history of biblical scholarship through his radical return to the hebraica veritas, the 'Hebrew truth.' Yet, the extent of Jerome’s Hebrew knowledge has been debated, and the actual role of Hebrew in Jerome’s biblical exegesis has been little explored. This book shows how Jerome’s Hebrew philology developed out of his training in classical literary studies, describes the nature of Jerome’s command of Hebrew in light of his historical context and his use of Jewish sources, and explains how Jerome used Hebrew scholarship in his biblical interpretation. Jerome emerges as a competent Hebraist, limited by his context, yet producing work of enduring significance.
Author: Michael Graves


Among the many differing interpretations reported by St. Jerome is the set ascribed to "our Judaizers," who are in reality Christian interpreters with whom Jerome disagrees. In his own exegesis of the prophets, Jerome accepts both the literal/historical meaning of the "Hebrews" (Jews) as it relates to Israel's past (Old Testament history), and the spiritual/allegorical meaning of the church as it relates to the present or future. The interpretations that Jerome regards as "Judaizing" are almost all attempts to assign a literal meaning to the future. It is this combination (literal and future) that Jerome rejects as "Judaizing."

In: Vigiliae Christianae
In: The Text of the Hebrew Bible and Its Editions