Famagusta Maritima: Mariners, Merchants, Pilgrims and Mercenaries presents a collection of scholarly studies spanning the thousand year history of the port of Famagusta in Cyprus. This historic harbour city was at the heart of the Crusading Lusignan dynasty, a possession of both Genoa and Venice during the Renaissance, a port of the Ottoman Empire for three centuries, and in time, a strategic naval and intelligence node for the British Empire. It is a maritime space made famous by the realities of its extraordinary importance and influence, followed by its calamitous demise.
Contributors are: Michele Bacci, Lucie Bonato, Tomasz Borowski, Mike Carr, Pierre-Vincent Claverie, Dragos Cosmescu, Nicholas Coureas, Marko Kiessel, Antonio Musarra, William Spates, Asu Tozan, Ahmet Usta, and Michael Walsh.
This chapter explores the range of economic activities Buddhist monasteries engaged in during the Liao, Jin, and Song dynasties. Monasteries faced challenges similar to other social groups: Buddhist monks or nuns and their respective institutions wanted to be seen as legitimate, hoped to have a long institutional life and faced the challenge of accessing local support, attaining imperial recognition, and earning the respect and admiration of their peers. Monasteries had to raise considerable income to stabilize their social positions not to mention spread the Dharma. A particular monastery’s own forces of production would directly impact its social position and religiosity. These forces produced economic capital that would shape the institution’s ability to negotiate an identity for itself.