Frege famously maintained that concepts are not objects. A key argument of Frege’s for this view is, in outline, as follows: if we are to account for the unity of thought, concepts must be deemed unsaturated; since objects are, by contrast, saturated entities, concepts cannot be objects. The author investigates what can be made of this argument and, in particular, of the unsaturated/saturated distinction it invokes. Systematically exploring a range of reconstructions suggested by Frege’s writings, and drawing on contemporary work, the author illustrates that no plausible reconstruction is forthcoming. In essence, it is altogether unclear how to simultaneously substantiate, on the one hand, the claim that unsaturated entities must be recognized in order to account for unity and, on the other, the claim that unsaturatedness is incompatible with objecthood.
The juvenile stage for many reptiles is considered “the lost years” because of low capture probabilities, however understanding factors impacting juvenile survivorship and recruitment is critical for conservation of populations. We studied the ecology of juvenile Northern watersnakes, Nerodia sipedon, by intensively sampling a first-order stream and determined the occupancy of juveniles in 30 low-order streams in the Piedmont of North Carolina. Juveniles were relatively abundant within a single stream (n = 62 ± 9), and their capture probabilities were positively related to increasing stream-water temperatures. We also found that juveniles had high survivorship (ϕ = 0.87 ± 0.017). Occupancy of juvenile N. sipedon in low-order, Piedmont streams may be greater at streams that have confluences with high order streams or lakes, which potentially support adult N. sipedon populations. This study provides important information regarding the natural history of juvenile reptiles and indicates the importance of low order streams as habitat for N. sipedon populations.
If cinema and television are considered the dominant storytelling vehicles of the twentieth century, helping to shape and reflect the social, political and cultural sensibilities of that era, then the emerging characteristics of twenty-first century storytelling are digital; interactive; networked; playful; mobile; social; processual; immersive; and convergent. This chapter explores migrant narratives and identity formation through the vehicle of immersive; participatory; user-driven; multi-platform; and interactive documentary. What emerges is a new, evolving literacy in response to emerging storytelling technologies. Through describing two transmedia projects in which they are personally involved, the authors also provide a glimpse of an emerging ecology of storytelling through which a new vocabulary is evolving. This vocabulary assigns a different role to participants who are both immersed in the narrative discourse and actively engaged in the storytelling itself.
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