Rationalität und Theoriebildung

Studien zu Karl R. Poppers Methodologie der Sozialwissenschaften

Series:

Michael Schmid

Der Band rekonstruiert und kritisiert die verstreuten Vorschläge, die Karl R. Popper zur Philosophie der Sozialwissenschaften gemacht hat. Dabei stehen drei Themenbereiche im Vordergrund: Zum einen wird der von Popper verteidigte Methodologische Individualismus in der Absicht untersucht, dessen begrenzte heuristische Fruchtbarkeit sichtbar zu machen; zum weiteren wird die von Popper favorisierte Logik von Handlungserklärungen einer nachhaltigen Revision unterzogen, was eine umfassendere handlungstheoretische Erklärungspraxis erlaubt, als sie Popper im Auge hatte; und zum dritten diskutiert der Autor die Frage, inwieweit Poppers Theorie des Wissensfortschritts für die sozialwissenschaftliche Theoriebildung verbindlich ist; auch in diesem Falle werden Mängel diagnostiziert und Wege zu deren Beseitigung erkundet. Relevanz und Reichweite der Popperschen Gedanken zur Philosophie der Handlungswissenschaften lassen sich damit deutlicher abstecken, als dies der bisherigen Popper-Rezeption möglich war. Es stellt sich heraus, daß Poppers sozialwissenschaftliche Methodenvorschläge in revidierter Form durchaus Beachtung verdienen und manchem neueren Versuch, der sozialwissenschaftlichen Theoriebildung Halt und Richtung zu verleihen, vorzuziehen sind.

Dan, Joseph, Kaiser, Jochen-Christoph, Kallis, Anastasios, Schibilsky, Michael and Schmid, Heinz

JÖRG T. Epplen, Manfred Schartl, Ingo Schlupp, Indrajit Nanda, Jakob Parzefall and Michael Schmid

Abstract

Pseudosexual behaviour is a rare phenomenon associated with unisexuality in vertebrates. In the gynogenetic, all-female teleost Poecilia formosa, rare individuals occur that resemble males of closely related gonochoristic species both in behaviour and external morphology. These masculinized gynogens and normal gynogens are members of the same clone, as demonstrated by DNA-fingerprinting. The behaviour of these masculinized gynogens is described and compared to the behaviour of the gonochoristic species Poecilia mexicana, P. latipinna and their hybrid as well as androgen-treated individuals of P. formosa. No statistically significant differences were found between masculinized gynogens and hormone-treated individuals nor between the gonochoristic P. mexicana and P. latipinna males. Differences exist between gonochoristic and unisexual species. Possible causes and effects of masculinized gynogens are discussed.

Deeg, Max, Hartinger, Walter, Heinz, Andreas, Jehle, Irmengard, Michaels, Axel, Müller, Andreas, Oegema, Gerbern S., Paul, Jürgen, Raspe, Lucia, Schmid, Josef Johannes and Winter, Franz

Deeg, Max, Hartinger, Walter, Heinz, Andreas, Jehle, Irmengard, Michaels, Axel, Müller, Andreas, Paul, Jürgen, Raspe, Lucia, Schmid, Josef Johannes and Winter, Fritz

Series:

Uwe Franke, Christian Wagner, Michael Becker, Hans-Joachim Lauth, Peter Thiery, Daniel Buhr, Josef Schmid, Manfred Mols, Karl-Rudolf Korte, Frank Schimmelfennig, Christian Welzel, Gerd Mielke, Christoph Wagner M.A., Ulrich Eith, Jörg Faust and Jenniver Sehring

Edited by Hans-Joachim Lauth and Christian Wagner

Anne Booth, W.L. Korthals Altes, Wim Doel, Robert Cribb, C.D. Grijns, Kingsley Bolton, David Henley, Ole Bruun, Ward Keeler, Jonathon Falla, Elsbeth Locher-Scholten, Mary F. Somers Heidhues, Marie Alexandrine Martin, Christin Kocher Schmid, J. Noorduyn, Bernhard Dahm, J. Noorduyn, J.N. Sneddon, Anton Ploeg, Richard Michael Bourke, Anton Ploeg, Maureen A. MacKenzie, Nico G. Schulte Nordholt, Jeremy Kemp, Rudiger Schumacher, Clara Brakel-Papenhuijzen, Corry M.I. Sluys, Carol Laderman, J.H.F. Sollewijn Gelpke, Geoffrey Irwin, R.G. Tol and Burhan Magenda

- Anne Booth, W.L. Korthals Altes, Changing economy in Indonesia, Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute (General trade statistics, 1822-1949; volume 12a). - Wim van den Doel, Robert Cribb, Historical dictionary of Indonesia. Metuchen, N.J., & London: The Scarecrow Press, 1992. - C.D. Grijns, Kingsley Bolton, Sociolinguistics today; International perspectives. London and New York: Routledge, 1992, 383 pp., Helen Kwok (eds.) - David Henley, Ole Bruun, Asian perceptions of nature: Papers presented at a Workshop, NIAS, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 1991. Copenhagen: Nordic Institute of Asian studies (Nordic Proceedings in Asian studies No. 3), 1992, 261 pp., Arne Kalland (eds.) - Ward Keeler, Jonathon Falla, True love and Bartholomew: Rebels on the Burmese border. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. - Elsbeth Locher-Scholten, Mary F. Somers Heidhues, Bangka tin and mentok pepper; Chinese settlement on an Indonesian island. Singapore: Institute of South-east Asian studies, 1992, 296 pp. - Marie Alexandrine Martin, Christin Kocher Schmid, Of people and plants. A botanical ethnography of Nokopo village, Madang and Morobe provinces, Papua New Guinea. Ethnologisches Seminar der Universität und Museum für Völkerkunde, Basel, 1991, 336 pp. - J. Noorduyn, Bernhard Dahm, Regions and regional developments in the Malay-Indonesian world: 6 European Colloquium on Indonesian and Malay studies (ECIMS) June 1987 Passau. Wiesbaden: Harassowitz, 1992, x + 221 pp., maps. - J. Noorduyn, J.N. Sneddon, Studies in Sulawesi Linguistics, Part II, NUSA, Linguistic studies of Indonesian and other languages in Indonesia, volume 33. Jakarta: Baden Penyelenggara Seri Nusa, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya. 1991, x + 115 pp., maps. - Anton Ploeg, Richard Michael Bourke, Taim hangre: Variation in subsistence food supply in the Papua New Guinea highlands, Unpublished PhD thesis, submitted in the department of human geography, The Australian National University, RSPacS, Canberra, 1988, xxiii + 370 pp., maps, tables, figures, appendices. - Anton Ploeg, Maureen A. MacKenzie, Androgenous objects: String bags and gender in central New Guinea. Chur, Switzerland, Harwood Academic Publishers, 1991, xv + 256 pp., maps, figures, bibliography, index. - Nico G. Schulte Nordholt, Jeremy Kemp, Peasants and cities; Cities and peasants; Rethinking Southeast Asian models, Overveen, ACASEA, 1990, 126 pp. - Rudiger Schumacher, Clara Brakel-Papenhuijzen, The Bedhaya court dances of central Java, Leiden/New York/Köln: Brill, 1992, xvi + 349 pp. - Corry M.I. van der Sluys, Carol Laderman, Taming the wind of desire; Psychology, medicine, and aesthetics in Malay Shamanistic performance. University of California Press, 1991, 382 pp. - J.H.F. Sollewijn Gelpke, Geoffrey Irwin, The prehistoric exploration and colonisation of the Pacific. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1992, viii + 240 pp. - R.G. Tol, Burhan Magenda, East Kalimantan; The decline of a commercial aristocracy. Ithaca, Cornell University (Cornell Modern Indonesia Project, Monograph Series (publication no. 70)), 1991, viii + 113 pp., maps.