Which were the reasons for Sanhedrin in Jerusalem to work towards Jesus’ death? The article discusses the methodical difficulties of answering this question, taking into account the literary features of the passion narratives. It expounds the thesis that Jesus was accused of being a pseudo-prophet – his feature being “presumption” (zadôn) (Deut 17:12f.; 18:20, 22f.; Num 15:30). Texts found in Qumran referring to Deuteronomy (4Q 375 frg. 1; 11QT etc.) include this crime punished with a death sentence. Jesus being accused of blasphemy due to confessing to be Messiah is definitively secondary.