There is much confusion over what is meant by globalization generally and specifically as it is applied to the study of Pentecostalism. In this article I show how the different usages of globalization are applied to several areas of Pentecostal research demonstrating that what is 'global' is mostly linked with the modernization and secularization debates. Another view of globalization is then presented with application to Pentecostalism. Specifically, I show how Pentecostalism is shaped by the globalization of religion(s) and heightens theologizing as it pertains to orthodoxy, orthopraxy, authenticity, and authority. Finally, North American scholars of Pentecostalism need to examine further how their own theologizing is shaped by globalizing trends.
This article offers a sociological examination of the role of networks among charismatic Christians, with specific attention to Catch the Fire and the Revival Alliance. Drawing upon social network theory, it shows how religious networks in global society are relational, asymmetrical, and infused with apostolic authority. A case study of Catch the Fire reveals that the network is primarily collaborative in its structure. However, there are some relationships in the network that are more important than others, as evidenced by the dense social ties among members. Furthermore, the network is structured according to gender with the benefits of social capital favoring men. The network also overlaps with other networks through key relationships, especially the New Apostolic Reformation and other charismatic ministries associated with the prosperity gospel.