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Michael Wintle

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Michael Wintle

Abstract

This article focuses on modernization of diet in the Netherlands between 1800 and about 1950, which covers the time span when the Dutch (and most of Europe) moved to a modern consumption pattern. The Dutch case-study is examined on the basis of contemporary accounts, with consumption and price figures: the treatment is mainly statistical, with additional qualitative data. This entails that the health and nutrition aspects are as important as the socio-cultural ones, and the article is concerned with the mass of the Dutch population, rather than just the elite. Attention is paid to high Dutch death rates and the dietary reasons for them, food production and prices, diet (potatoes), alcohol consumption and civilization offensives and (mal)nutrition. The main theme is change in consumption patterns as a facet of the process of modernization. In that sense, the Dutch were not especially unusual, but a good example of a general trend, naturally with their own idiosyncrasies.

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Image into Identity

Constructing and Assigning Identity in a Culture of Modernity

The pervading theme of this book is the construction and allocation of identity, especially through images and imagery. The essays analyse how the dominant social discourses and imageries construct identity or assign subject positions in relation to the categories of race, nation, region, gender and language. The volume is designed to inform the study of those categories in cultural studies, sociology, anthropology, gender studies, literary studies, philosophy and history. Its coverage is geographically global, multidisciplinary, and theoretically eclectic, but also accessible. The authors include both established and rising scholars from historical, literary, media, gender and cultural studies. This innovative collection will appeal to all those who are interested in the mechanisms of constructing and evolving personal and group identities, in past and present.
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The nineteenth century laid the foundations of history as a professional discipline but also popularized and romanticized the subject. National histories were written and state museums founded, while collective memories were created in fiction and drama, art and architecture and through the growth of tourism and the emergence of a heritage industry. The authors of this collection compare Britain, the Netherlands and Belgium, unearthing the ways in which history was conceived and then utilized. They conclude that although nationalistic historicism ruled in all genres, the interaction of the nineteenth century with its imagined past was far richer and more complex, both across national borders and within them.

Contributors include: Niek van Sas, Andrew Mycock, Marnix Beyen, Ellinoor Bergvelt, Joep Leerssen, Joanne Parker, Anna Vaninskaya, Jenny Graham, Tom Verschaffel, Saartje Vanden Borre, Hugh Dunthorne and Michael Wintle.