Author: Mike Michael

Abstract

This paper has two broad objectives. First, the paper aims to treat roadkill as a topic of serious social scientific inquiry by addressing it as a cultural artifact through which various identities are played out. Thus, the paper shows how the idea of roadkill-as-food mediates contradictions and ironies in American identities concerned with hunting, technology, and relationships to nature. At a second, more abstract, level, the paper deploys the example of roadkill to suggest a par ticular approach to theorizing broader relationships between humans, nonhuman animals, and technology. This paper draws on recent developments in science and technology studies, in particular, the work of Latour (1993) and Serres (1982,1985), to derive a number of prepositional metaphors. The paper puts these forward tentatively as useful tools for exploring and unpicking some of the complex connections and heterogeneous relationalities between humans, animals, and the technology from which roadkill emerges.

In: Society & Animals
In: Science Fiction and Speculative Fiction
Authors: Lynda Birke and Mike Michael

Abstract

This article addresses some of the ways in which the development of xenotransplantation, the use of nonhuman animals as organ donors, are presented in media accounts. Although xenotransplantation raises many ethical and philosophical questions, media coverage typically minimizes these. At issue are widespread public concerns about the transgression of species boundaries, particularly those between humans and other animals. We consider how these are constructed in media narratives, and how those narratives, in turn, rely on particular scientific discourses that posit species boundary crossing as unproblematic.

In: Society & Animals
Author: Michael Kibbe

Abstract

Hebrews 7:16 suggests that Jesus entered the priesthood by virtue of his “indestructible life.” But what sort of life is that? How and when did he obtain it? If it pertains to his resurrected-human life, was he therefore not a priest prior to that moment (including, in particular, during his death on the cross)? If it pertains to his divine life (thus he possesses it always), in what sense could the man Jesus have actually died? I suggest that the author has neither deity nor resurrection in view as the source of Jesus’ indestructible life; rather, the point is merely that Jesus’ perpetual existence undergirds the oath that immediately follows in 7:17. However, Hebrews as a whole requires that we envision that existence in relation to both Jesus’ deity and his resurrection, and I argue, furthermore, that the two cohere via the divine Son’s agency in his own resurrection.

In: Horizons in Biblical Theology
Author: Michael Pope

Abstract

Since Neyrey’s important study on Jesus’ emotional state in Luke’s garden scene, many scholars have subsequently viewed the redactions as stemming, in part, from concern over negative Stoic passions (πάθη). The present author follows a similar trajectory but goes on to show that Luke’s removal of Jesus’ affective episode comports with a popularized misunderstanding of Stoic pathology but not with well-established and current Stoic teachings on pre-emotions (προπάθειαι). The author further demonstrates how Stoic sources allow for and even require early onset emotive reactions that do not threaten a sage’s moral integrity and how Luke, unlike Matthew, over-corrects his source material in an unnecessary way.

In: Novum Testamentum
Author: Michael Cohen

Abstract

A long Christian tradition has argued that the possession and coercive/physical use of nuclear weapons is morally indefensible and advocated nuclear disarmament. This article takes stock of what we now know about nuclear weapons and advocates a Christian responsibility to redirect initiatives from eliminating nuclear weapons to eliminating the hatred, fear and insecurity that creates a demand for them. It notes the small number of nuclear powers despite many states that could develop a nuclear capability and argues that the United States holds the most responsibility for their limited spread. It also notes that the tendency for nuclear weapons to provide otherwise elusive solutions to deeply pressing security challenges facing the nine nuclear powers means that these states will likely never eliminate them. The article advocates for the removal of the insecurity that generates the demand for nuclear weapons, and briefly illustrates how this might look like in contemporary North Korea.

In: International Journal of Public Theology

Abstract

In this paper we present a particular history of Limulus polyphemus, the horseshoe crab, as a means of expanding on Haraway’s notion of companion species. Drawing on accounts of the horseshoe crab’s role, on the one hand, in work of the Serological Museum at Rutgers University that spanned the 1940s to the 1970s, and, on the other, in the development of the limulus amebocyte lysate test, we trace some of the complexities of human-limulus relations. These relations encompassed not only the horseshoe crab’s objectification (as a source of serum), but also the natural historical, the mythical, and the symbolic (in relation to its blue blood or its supposed status as a “living fossil”). We suggest that the horseshoe crab, and similarly alien or abjected species, can be valued as companion species if this concept is expanded beyond parameters such as intimacy, surprise, and “becoming-with” to include distanciation, wonder, and “becoming-because-of.”

In: Society & Animals
Diskurse – Auswirkungen – Perspektiven
Nicht erst seit Pisa wird von allen pädagogischen Institutionen Bildungsqualität erwartet. Zu fragen ist aber, ob unter den gegebenen Bedingungen die empirische Wende in Theorie und Praxis die erhoffte Wirkung zeigt? Zehn Jahre nach Einsetzen der groß angelegten Bildungsoffensive in Deutschland ist es an der Zeit, ein Zwischenfazit zu ziehen und kritisch nachzufragen, welche Entwicklungen sich in den verschiedenen Diskursen und pädagogischen Handlungsfeldern ausmachen lassen. Ausgehend von einer bildungspolitischen und -theoretischen Rahmung werden die Auswirkungen dieser Reformanstrengungen in unterschiedlichen pädagogischen Institutionen wie Elementarbereich, Schulsystem und Schulaufsicht bilanziert und kritisch reflektiert. Mit Blick auf die einschlägige Praxis wird anschließend die humane Dimension Partizipation als grundlegende Bedingung erfolgreicher Entwicklung und Sicherung von Bildungsqualität fokussiert.
Wirkung und Wahrnehmung
Die DDR ist Teil der deutschen Geschichte und sie war stets deutsches Handlungsfeld. So sehr die Existenz der DDR von der Sowjetunion abhängig war, so wenig denkbar wäre dieser deutsche Teilstaat ohne die SED, die die gesellschaftlichen und staatlichen Strukturen prägte.
Der Band spannt auf der Grundlage neuester Forschungsergebnisse einen facettenreichen Bogen. Dieser reicht von Fragen der Periodisierung, Betrachtungen zu kommunistischen Traditionslinien, Revolutionsvorstellungen und Verfassungsdiskursen bis hin zu biografischen und regionalgeschichtlichen Detailstudien. Repression und Widerstand, Kultur- und Sozialpolitik sowie Spezialprobleme der Besatzungsherrschaft und der SED-Parteigeschichte werden ebenso thematisiert wie das Verhältnis der beiden deutschen Staaten sowie transnationale Bezüge.