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Islam and Colonialism

Intellectual Responses of Muslims of Northern Nigeria to British Colonial Rule

Muhammad Umar

This volume analyzes discourses on British colonialism constructed by Muslims of northern Nigeria c. 1903-1945. It departs from the conventional wisdom on British colonial policy of indirect rule and its “benign” consequences. Conceptualizing colonialism not simply as a unilateral imposition but as a dynamic encounter between colonizer and colonized, the book shifts the focus away from the overwhelming impact of the former and devastating consequences on the later, thereby revealing indeterminate outcomes and unintended consequences of both the actions of the colonizer and the reactions of the colonized. The volume analyzes legal treatises, poems, and novels, connecting authors to their intellectual backgrounds, relations to colonial regime and intended audiences, leading to better understanding of the ideas that informed Muslims’ intellectual and practical responses to colonialism.

[Anonymous] and ʿUmar Effendī, Muḥammad al-Ḥāğğ, copyist

[Anonymous] and | Ibn Darwīš Muḥammad,ʿUmar, copyist

Ḥiğğī, Zayn al-Quḍāt Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-, ?-1092/1681 and ʿUmar Effendī, Muḥammad al-Ḥāğğ, copyist

Tilimsānī, Muḥammad ibn Abī l-Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad al-Maġribī al-, 12/18 c. and ʿUmar Effendī, Muḥammad al-Ḥāğğ, copyist

Zīlī al-Sīwāsī al-Šamsī, Abū l-Ṯanā' Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-, ?-1009/1600? and | Ibn Darwīš Muḥammad,ʿUmar, copyist

Tāliğī, Muḥyī l-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-, 843-906/1440-1500 and | Ibn ʿUṯmān,ʿUmar, copyist

Siwāsī, Aḥmad ibn ʿUmar ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī al-, 11th/17th c. and | Ibn Aḥmad,ʿUṯmān, copyist

Ibn al-Ḥāğib, ʿUṯmān ibn ʿUmar, 570-646/1174-1249 and | Ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥīm, Muḥammad Ğalāl al-Dīn, copyist