This article discusses the reformist thoughts of Sarfraz Khan as reflected in his ideas about revivalism, modernism and free will and are compared with the Egyptian exegetes’ thoughts of Muhammad Abduh and Muhammad Rashid Rida. Their thoughts are analysed comparatively in order to highlight differences and to measure the degree of their agreement with the established methods of prominent scholars. Two issues have been selected, i.e. Khan’s view of enabling other than Arabic language in observing the prayers, and the issue of predetermination. This study shows that reformist thoughts associated to Khan are in disagreement with Egyptian exegetes’ thoughts and those who are in line with them.
The idea of Moderation (Wasatiyyah) is believed to be a solution towards the unity of the people. This assertion of wasatiyyah is very significant in Malaysia which has a multi-ethnic population compared to other neighbouring countries. With the diversity of races and cultures in Malaysia, a harmonious life (al-Taʿāyush al-Silmi) needs to be manifested by displaying the wasatiyyah Approach from the Islamic worldview. Thus, this article aims to present the thoughts of an influential Malaysian leader and scholar, Tuan Guru Haji Abdul Hadi Awang in the discourse of nationhood in Malaysia. This study uses different methods including; descriptive method, content analysis method, interpretive thematic analysis method, and comparative analysis method. In order to reveal his moderate ideas from Islamic point of view, the author analyses his interpretation of the Quranic verses related to nationhood. The study significantly found that the issue of national discourse or nationhood presented by him respects the belief system, Islamic justice, and national unity and it is in line with the Quran and sunnah. The pattern of wasatiyyah manifested in his thinking helped the political system in Malaysia in strengthening the national unity among the plural society too.
Terengganu Quran manuscript is one of the best manuscripts ever produced in the 19th century AD. Copying this manuscript requires precision in various aspects, especially in the aspect of writing because it is a scripture that needs to be preserved. Since at that time there was no evidence to say that there was a body that checked the accuracy of the writing method, then a study on the aspect of the fawāṣil is very necessary to do. This study focuses on the Terengganu Quran manuscript IAMM 2012.13.6 which is a collection at the Islamic Art Museum Malaysia. The objective of this study is to look at the aspect of fawāṣil which is one of the important aspects in the writing of the Quran. In addition, the meaning aspect of the sentence is also examined to see if it has implications that can change the meaning of the sentence. Qualitative research methods are used to examine the text of the Quran from surah al-Baqarah and the data are analyzed using inductive and deductive methods. The same method is also used to examine aspects of sentence meaning. The results of the study found that there is a difference of fawāṣil in the Terengganu Quran manuscript if seen in the view of the scholars fawāṣil. Differences in this aspect have led to the effect of sentence interpretation. However, this difference does not change the law because the place of the difference does not occur in the sentence of law. The results of the study also prove, most likely that the writer of this manuscript has its own method based on the knowledge available at that time.